Sorry, this entry is only available in French.
Today, we meet for a new series of articles: “Zoom on…”. Regularly, “Zoom on…” will make a quick point on a topic related to literature. And I decided to start with the one who carries the novel throughout the chapters: the hero.
The hero or the “super” hero
The hero – as we understand him today – is a human or supernatural person, showing courage and self-denial. He is distinguished from the ancient hero, whose etymological definition describes him as a demigod.
It is mainly from the nineteenth century that the hero became more realistic.
Indeed, he no longer possesses the nobility or the glorious side of ancient and medieval heroes. On the contrary, his journey, full of feelings, could be that of the reader. It is in this that it is appreciated. It is realistic, even ordinary.
Through its history, it is easy to identify with him, according to its progress, its reflections, its doubts.
Depending on the genre of the novel, the hero will embody our desire for exploration, social ascension or will be subjected to the throes of passion.
The hero in literature unconsciously awakens the one who is dormant in us.
It’s never too late to let him express himself, and who knows, you could one day be the one who gave inspiration to an author who, in turn, breathed life into a hero through Literature !
See you soon for a new “Zoom“!
Article written by Maud Wlek, author of Nayra.
An Icon Of American Literature
Jack Kerouac. The first time I saw the name of this writer I knew nothing about him, it was a few years ago in the memoirs of a famous Montana author. He was referring to Jack Kerouac as an icon of American literature, and I was surprised that a family name with such Breton resonance could associate with America.
A few days later I was in my hands. On the road, the Beat Generation’s leading book, realizing with enthusiasm that I had just found the kind of literature I had been waiting for. Long descriptions of landscapes, a style of spontaneous writing mixed with great lyricism where travel also rhymes with melancholy. The fact that this icon of literature is as Breton, as I am, being the icing on the cake.
He is considered one of the most important American authors of the 20th century. His style of writing has inspired American singers Tom Waits and Bob Dylan.
On the road, his most famous novel is an ode to the great outdoors, to the epic adventure towards the west, and to the discovery of new worlds.
The Truth About Its Origins
Breton origins that the writer has long sought to understand and document throughout his life in particular in 1965 where, a few years before his death, he visited the city of BREST after having found in the National Archives of thin information about his ancestor Maurice -Louis Le Bris de Kervoac. Information that unfortunately will not suffice to shed light on its history.
The surname of his ancestor is actually Urbain-François Le Bihan de Kervoac.
Son of notaries from Huelgoat, who, targeted by justice for charges of thefts, decides to go into exile in Quebec. An ancestor who, to protect himself from justice, will constantly hide his true identity, thus preventing the writer from pinpointing his genealogy.
His demons and successes
In 1946, his father died and took refuge in books. His writings became increasingly autobiographical and he worked frantically on the tapestry of On the Road, from his numerous notebooks of preparatory notes. This “introspective writing leads him to wonder about the foundations of his evil of life” and Kerouac realizes that he has “a subconscious desire to fail, a kind of wish of death. “
Having problems with alcohol and drugs, during 10 years his writings will be refused by the publishing houses. His income became very low and his addiction to alcohol and amphetamines reached a climax. He plans to stop writing several times, in vain.
In 1955, in San Francisco, Kerouac made an important encounter: Gary Snyder, an enthusiast of hiking and Japanese philosophy. The two men, accompanied by a bookseller, John Montgomery, make an expedition at an altitude of 3600 meters to the peak of Matterhorn. Kerouac is introduced to meditation and haiku, short Japanese poems that evoke a feeling, a situation, an atmosphere. The encounter with himself and with the simplicity, the absence of excesses and drugs or alcohol makes Kerouac decide to begin a “new life”.
2 years later, his novel On the Road is published and the success is immediate. According to the poet Kenneth Rexroth, he is even “the most famous author in America.“
At the end of his life, covered with debts, Urbain-Francois Le Bihan of Kervoac died leaving a wife and three children who fathered the descendants of Jack Kerouac among them Jean Baptiste Kerouac, French-Canadian grandfather of Jack Kerouac who emigrates In the USA, thus making his grandson the most Breton American writers.
In 2012, the Brazilian film-event Walter Salles, produced by Francis Ford Coppola, is presented in official selection at the Cannes Film Festival, the first exhibition in France of the original text of the mythical On The Road. Reclus of the world and without a penny, but with an archive that will be valued at more than 10 million euros …
In spite of his demons and though he died prematurely due to his excesses, Jack Kerouac brilliantly succeeded in impressing minds by his genius and inspiring positively many people on his way, beyond the origins and the borders…
Article written by Jude Castel, author of destination and wandering.
At 4, he attends a terrible drama… and writes his first stories at the age of 6 years old!
Today, he is a great master of horror and has sold more than 350 million copies worldwide!
Discover his inspiring life in this short video!
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Article written by Leandro De Carvalho (Author of Living In Harmony).
I am what I write.
Is the writer really what he writes? It is a phrase I like to affirm and to which many writers could identify… or not!
Indeed, when this sentence was read, at first sight, one could say that there is something to be afraid when one reads certain writers! For, not everyone writes romance novels or heroic and epic adventures! What is the part of truth and invention in a novel, a book? Where is the essence of the author who completed his work? Is a book just an exercise in style? What does he really reveal about his author and about us? Let’s look at these different points together, and it is a writer who speaks to you! This new approach to writing could well change your look at reading …
Are you sure you keep reading what follows?
A truth disguised or highlighted
What is true and what is false in what a writer can write? The writer is known to know perfectly how to speak Molière’s language, letters and rhetoric, so it is perfectly legitimate to ask himself whether he is authentic and whether everything he writes reflects the truth or Is a pure exercise in style and imagination?
Although the writer has a great deal of knowledge and verb, he is skilled at expressing in writing what he may not be able to say or reveal by word of mouth. Others, on the other hand, excel in both writing and speaking, but what matters is that he has things to say and a message to convey.
If some writers manage to communicate a clear and clear message, for others it is very difficult to understand at first reading what they meant! However, can he write about subjects that he does not know or feel intimately? Can he actually put words on what he has never experienced personally? Of course, you would tell me immediately! And I will say no. And I explain myself!
When a writer undertakes the writing of a fiction, it has a whole work of observation, investigation and understanding before approaching a subject that is particularly close to his heart. This is a crucial step for the credibility of a universe and the atmosphere it must generate. The illusion must be perfect! This is what makes a work appreciated by the reader: its striking realism, as if we were immersed in the heart of the story and we felt exactly the emotions of the characters; We are not only readers but actors of history; We identify with certain characters, we empathize with them, history makes us live emotions and opens us to understanding.
Everything we feel at the moment of our reading is closely related to the emotions that we could live in real situations! The same goes for the writer when he immortalizes his emotions on paper. As incredible as it may be: everything written by an authentic writer is deeply felt, at different scales certainly, but he cannot share a feeling or an event that would not first have reached his mind in some way ! In this he consciously or unconsciously associates a fictitious or semi-fictitious event with a memory or an emotion that he himself would have lived in his own life. As a film actor imbues himself with his own emotions to embody a character on the screen and give the impression of a perfect illusion, the writer must necessarily soak up his personal history to bring into the world a universe that will be authentic, not by its form, but by the depth with which the writer has chosen the right words to immerse us in the reality he has created in all sincerity. He can not give what he does not have intrinsically.
What is true in any writer’s work is the authenticity with which he shares his emotions. He does not need to have literally experienced what his story tells, but by writing it he transposes his feelings and feels them strongly about the present moment, along with the reader. Exactly as in a film, with an infinite richness of details and an unparalleled freedom of imagination! And that’s what makes the magic of writing! The reader fully appropriates history, transposing its own psychic projections onto those already transcribed. Thus, the reader puts familiar faces on characters that are agreeable to him and unpleasant faces on those who displease him, all this is done in an unconscious way, but actively participates in the pluridimensional character of the work!
A book is always born a second time in the mind of the reader. And it will be like this eternally, is not it magnificent?
A book does not just read, it lives! Although everything is not “real” (in our physical dimension) and the result of the fruit of the imagination, the materialization of its universe resulting from the psyche by words makes it real in the dimension of our imaginary and palpable even in our regions !
The authenticity, the very essence of the author, what is deep within himself, often hides between the lines! We might even assert the following phrases, as I myself maintain:
Tell me what you write, I’ll tell you who you are. Tell me what you like to read, I will tell you what you aspire to!
For me, writing transcends speech.
The writing style of the writer is very revealing of his personality; He does not need to speak, his writing does it in his place. Through it, an infinite amount of information is communicated to us voluntarily or not. Indeed, the way in which one word is used rather than another, to use one phrase rather than another, and to assemble the sentences to one another, reflects the author’s way of handling the verb; Perhaps with simplicity, subtlety, on a mystic wat, meticulousness, intellectuality or complexity. He can not express himself otherwise than what he can not be himself! It seems so obvious. Even if he decides to use terms that he would not normally use in everyday life or to create a pastiche or a parody, if he does it is because he has everything to Makes the abilities and it is a facet of himself that he prefers to turn into derision!
The writer is not fixed to a single register, just as man keeps evolving over time, he also evolves through his writings and the events he lives. The most important, and the most revealing, about himself is the message he has to convey to us.
Why did he write his work and what did he want to tell us through it?
It is no coincidence that we like to study or comment on texts in literature; to raise the veil or to try to understand what a writer does not express in his writings is the essence of the writer. The essence of the writer is both in what he tells us and what he does not tell us! What he tells us and what he keeps silent about is extremely important and meaningful! The ideas he shares have reached him and found refuge in him, feeling a need or a duty to transpose them black and white, to make us share. And if they have found in him a hand disposed to be at their service, it is because at bottom his heart has been sensitive, touched, aligned with the same vibration as this idea or felt the need to transpose them. This can not be the result of chance and it is in this that a reading is exciting and could be the subject of a thorough psychoanalytic study! We read what is said and both we reflect on what is implied and not explicitly stated. There lies the genius of a work. Every book has an important message and often offers us answers to the questions we posed consciously or unconsciously through the verb of an author who expresses for us what we needed to hear to unlock a personal situation Or orient us towards the right choice, the right attitude to adopt in a decision that we would have to take…
Each book speaks to us and reveals to us, just as every written line is the materialization of the vibratory wave emanated by the writer himself at the moment when he writes it. That’s the magic of writing! And it is doubtless this authenticity, this spontaneity that makes the pleasure of reading perpetuates through the centuries and propels authors to a resounding success, succeeding in vibrating with the same intensity that at the time of their writing of the millions of readers around the world!
What does a book tell us about its author and about ourselves?
Books are rich in meaning. This is what makes every work an immeasurable treasure. A book has several readings and as many possible interpretations as human beings on Earth! An authentic writer is necessarily open-hearted! What does a book about its author reveal? And about ourselves?
Only he holds the key to all the mysteries that reign over him, but he can not hand it over to others, for he is the guardian of his psychic and social stability. Its secret garden allows it to make it bloom more beautiful to the delight of those who will want to venture there by reading his books and what he will tell us…
Each book has a soul. A book is a heart that beats. A book is love materialized by writing.
A book is a part of oneself that one finds. It is an inestimable gift that writers offer us in the writing of their work when they are procured, for they not only give themselves up, but deliver us from our preoccupations to bring us back to ourselves and to one of the shortest paths to love: empathy.
The real question to ask is, how far do we want to go in the author’s intimacy and how far are we ready to plunge deep within ourselves?
Writing is an act of love, issued without expecting anything in return. Reading is the best act we can do to continue to spread love and bring us closer to our essence. There are secrets they will probably never reveal to us, but if we keep our eyes open, we could perfectly read between the lines and find out what the book has to say…
Each reading is a prelude to a revelation.
What if the reader was also what he read? There is also reason to reflect on the question! In the meantime, take care of your readings and keep your mind open to the messages a book wants to communicate to you! A book never falls into our hands by chance…
Article written by Leandro De Carvalho, author of Living In Harmony.
Writing: the mysterious invention that allowed evolution!
Imagine a world without writing… Impossible, you would say! And for good reason: we need it every day! Let us now see how it was born and all its benefits over humanity…
The article on the Fantastic you very much liked, I am delighted. It was a question of evoking the origins of a universe that carries the Nayra saga. Starting from this momentum of origins, I would like to talk with you today about those we particularly love, readers and authors: writing.
What is writing?
Let’s start with the basics: what is writing? It is a means of communication, representing language, through the inscription of signs on various media. Each culture has its own graphic, but respects the same structure: vocabulary, speech, semantics, grammar. A writing system is an organized, language-based method for storing and transmitting messages. These systems can be classified into three categories: semmasiographies (although specialists do not agree to consider them as scriptures), logographic writings and syllabic scriptures.
Where does the writing come from?
According to some, Prehistory ends with the birth of writing. Historically, writing was born 6000 years ago, in Mesopotamia and Egypt, and almost simultaneously, but nevertheless differentiated. However, the recent development of literacy studies leads to a reassessment of the dates of writing. The development of writing has undoubtedly been influenced by pragmatic requirements such as the codification of laws, the exchange of information, the recording of history, and the keeping of financial accounts. Thus, writing allowed the preservation of history.
The alphabet is a system of writing, composed of a set of symbols. “The oldest traces of the ancestor of all the present alphabets are located in the Sinai desert around the fifteenth century BC. J.-C “(Wikipedia source).
Some authors of fantasy and science fiction have invented an imaginary alphabet to develop their universes: the tengwar (The Lord of the Rings, J.R.R. Tolkien), the Enochian (John Dee) …
Some religious systems saw writing as a threat to oral transmission and the existing order. Moreover, according to an ancient Egyptian myth taken up by Platon in the Phaedrus, writing and language were invented by the god Thot, nicknamed the “lord of time”; Considered as the one who holds knowledge and transmits it, as the incarnation of intelligence and speech, charged with transmitting his unlimited knowledge, he would have invented writing to do this! Writing would thus aim to restore order, notably by forming legal systems, to preserve history and to spread knowledge.
The impact of writing
Writing has had a strong cultural and social impact. These effects will be multiplied with the mechanization of writing by printing. It is only necessary to note all the works which are sold by millions in the world and which have a considerable influence on our culture and our way of thinking about life and the world.
The Bible, for example, has passed over 2500 million copies throughout history; The Little Red Book has sold more than 900 million copies and the Koran has more than 800 million copies! These three books have been the most sold in the world for centuries and have never been dethroned until now! These writings have a direct impact on our way of life, our way of thinking and acting.
According to linguists, out of about 3,000 languages listed in the world, hardly a hundred are written.
In conclusion, I find it exciting to say that despite the technologies we have, we are at the moment not sure about the appearance of writing. Each new discovery can challenge the history that we took for granted. Still today, writing remains a great mystery because no one really knows how it appeared … only certainty: without it, we would have a hard time explaining the universe, life and the world, to communicate , To immortalize our memories, to entertain us, to express our emotions, our feelings, to develop our imagination and to leave traces to help the future generations, because writing is what makes us human beings at the forefront of evolution.
“Writing is the painting of the voice,” Voltaire.
Article written by Maud Wlek, author of Nayra.
She secretly dreamed of being a writer. Her parents wanted her to be a bilingual secretary… Today she is one of the writers who sells the most books in the world!
Already small, she had the literary fiber…
A life so inspirational!
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Article written by Leandro De Carvalho, author of Little Red Riding Hood : a New World.
The Senois: Who are they?
The Senois are a tribe of Malaysia giving crucial importance to the dream world. They practice what can be called the “lucid dream.” In the morning, at lunch, the grownups encourage the little ones to tell their dreams. The adults listen attentively to the children and make suggestions to them in order to optimize this dream creativity:
“What did you dream of last night?” Did you dream that a tiger was chasing you? That’s good … Next time try to turn you around and face him! “
As a result, as adolescents, young Senoi do not have nightmares. The Senois teach us how to improve our lives by dreaming consciously!
Why do they no longer have nightmares?
Because they learn to face their fears and anxieties. They integrate the notion that they are the only masters on board their dreams, so to always face danger. No need for a degree in psychology to understand that this night behavior influences that of day. Neurosis and psychosis are absent in this people, which reminds us, according to the psychiatrist and psychotherapist Perls, of the function of the dream:
“Integrating our personality”.
A method with positive effects!
According to the senoi system, any dream person who does not collaborate in our favor must be considered an enemy. It is even allowed to kill these characters of dreams which are unfavorable to us. The image thus eliminated releases a positive energy which comes from a part of oneself invested in this “antagonist.” In return, the senoi method proposes to ask a gift to our aggressor … whether it be the solution to a problem, a creative idea, a positive outcome to a specific problem, an invention, the right decision to make life.
An erotic dream? What if you chase it to orgasm without feeling guilty?
For the Senois, it’s important to seek pleasure and to take advantage of it. If sexual contact occurs in a dream, continue to orgasm. Even when it is a question of a “forbidden” or “improbable” love, let us go to the end without guilt, since it is a matter of integrating a part of ourselves.
If we dream that we fall on an open air flight, let’s imagine the next time we fly to stop falling. When we succeed in flying, try to reach an inspiring, magical place …
Senois also appeal to their dream allies when there is a threat and that they consider the need for help necessary. Who are these allies? They can come from everyday life (friends, a relative, a dog, a cat,) or directly from the world of dreams.
In short, the senoï method is what?
The senoi system is that of a vesperial cooperative which seeks to integrate our personality by leading it to be stronger in the dream dimension, thus nourishing our creativity and freeing us from any anxiety, frustrations and troubles that could weigh on our daily lives.
Master your dreams to live better in real life!
This system would reduce any violence and mental illness, any stress and ambition of warrior conquest.
Here are the rules you must follow to apply the senoi system:
- Confront and overcome danger,
- Call reinforcement and allies if necessary,
- Optimize your nights by reflecting on how you transform your next dreams,
- Honoring gifts received during your dreams (painting, singing, writing, dancing, etc.),
- Share your dreams with people around you who are interested in them,
- Observe your progress and not be discouraged from your mistakes,
- Cultivate the act of pleasure and that of flying like a bird!
Well, now … You know what you have to do to develop your creativity and annihilate all your anxieties, stresses and nightmares!
Let your friends discover the senoi system to help them to get rid of their anxieties! Share this article!
Article written by Patrick Tremblay, author of Onirikk.
First of all, let me introduce myself. I am S-P Decroix, author of “The Princess of the ends of Time” which will be released at the beginning of Lysons Éditions. When my publisher (Leandro De Carvalho) asked his authors if they wanted to participate in the blog of the publishing house to speak literature, I immediately accepted. But suddenly, my little brain got overheated … once again. For it is not ideas that are lacking to discuss literature. I have therefore cooled my neurons (it is necessary if I want to continue writing) and thought of all the creatures that populate our imaginary adult and child. But where do you start? There are so many and so many! So I said to myself:
“What could be more noble, more dangerous, such attractive as frightening as THE DRAGON?”
A symbol of life and power in China, protector in Indonesia, protector of treasures in Ancient Greece or even evil and a ravisher of princesses in medieval Europe, this legendary creature is often represented as a gigantic animal, winged, provided with claws Lion and a snake tail.
Its Latin etymology “draco” is derived from the Greek “drakeîn” itself coming from the verb “dérkomai” meaning “to see clear”.
Several myths and legends about this fabulous animal have mingled with one another to finally grant him his form that we all know him today.
Indeed, it is necessary to know that the western dragons are different from the Asian dragons. Among the Westerners, especially in the Greco-Roman, Norse or Celtic myths, the dragon is above all an animal of reptilian form (winged of course), but above all spitting fire, which binds it to the earth element. It is for this reason that he is often attached to more “basic” things, more “down to earth”: he is then the fierce guardian of fabulous treasures. In the Western mind, the dragon is also an evil creature, and because of its specific form, it also embodies evil. This is why the archangel Michael fights it.
Asian dragons are also related to the forces of nature, but not specifically to fire. How many accounts, and more precisely of mangas, show them associated with the other elements: water, air, ice, wood, metal? In reality, here (in Europe), it is above all, linked to water. In Asian beliefs, dragons are not hostile creatures either. They do not necessarily have wings.
It is the fifth animal of Chinese astrology (and by the way, this is my sign), where it is the symbol of luck. Many emperors are of this sign and great festivities are given the years of the dragon. The nickname of the very famous Bruce Lee is “Little Dragon”.
The symbolism of its horns would come from astrology and its place in the ranking of the calendar, carried out during a race under the aegis of either the Jade Emperor or Buddha.
In any case, the pig (or the pig according to the divergences of the calendars), mu in arbiter, has sown the zizanie among the animals (that is why it is relegated to the last place) and to calm the dragon, Offered him his horns as a crown for the king of aquatic animals.
In any case, they are incredible fantastic animals, of an extraordinary intelligence, endowed with thoughts, sometimes speech and often linked to magic. It would also seem that the scales (or the skin according to legends), the blood and sometimes the claws (even the teeth) of dragons are provided with incredible properties.
Where to find dragons?
(List incomplete because too, too long !!!)
Books / mangas:
The Endless Story, Michael Ende
The Hobbit, J. R. R. Tolkien
Harry Potter of J. K. Rowling
Tara Duncan by Sophie Audouin-Mamikonian
Terry Goodkind’s Sword of Truth
The Iron Throne of George R. R. Martin
The Royal Assassin, The Adventurers of the Sea and The Cities of the Ancients by Robin Hobb
The Legend of Drizzt by R. A. Salvatore
Fairy Tail by Hiro Mashima
Dragon Ball, Dragon Ball Z by Akira Toryama
Dungeon and Dragon (board game and movies)
Dream of Dragon (role-playing)
Drakkhen (video game)
Warcraft (video game)
Dragon Age (video game)
And many others…
The Endless Story (1984)
Heart of the Dragon (1996)
Dungeons & Dragons (2000) and Dungeons & Dragons, the Supreme Power (2006): Inspired by role play.
Dragons, Dragons 2 (2014): 3D animation movies.
Me, Arthur, 12 years old, dragon hunter  (2010)
I hope you enjoyed this article.
See you soon !
Article written by S-P DECROIX.
He had a dream: to be a writer, despite all the barriers he encountered on his way …
Today: his dream has come true (and he has done well not to listen to his parents)!
So inspiring Paulo Coelho!
To all the writers who do not dare to launch … Dare to live your Personal Legend!
Paulo is a good example, and we summarize his journey through this short video:
Coming soon! (7 July 2017)
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Written by Leandro De Carvalho, author of Living In Harmony.