Tag Archives: minuto cultura

5 Steps to Improve the Memories of Your Dreams

Here is the 5 step method to improve the memories of your dreams

1. Don’t use an alarm clock that has an aggressive ring

If this is necessary for your alarm clock, use it second. Place the alarm on the first dial, softer for your alarm clock, 15 minutes before the “aggressive”. A sudden awakening surely ensures you forget your dreams.

2. Keep your eyes closed and let yourself be overwhelmed by the images and impressions of your night

Write them down or record them without judgment. You will later transcribe your dreams into your journal and decode it. For now, like a fisherman, the important thing is to go up the fish (dreams).

3. Pass back into your mind the people you know

Maybe some of them will reappear and they will have been present during your dreams, which is very likely. Science tells us that we only dream of faces known or encountered in the course of our lives … It is therefore very likely that you have dreamed of a face that is close to you! Check out!

4. Keep your eyes closed and take the different positions you take when you sleep

The fact of resuming physically these different positions gives the possibility to make reappear dream memories …

5. Moisturize yourself!

Before going to bed, place a glass of water next to your bed and drink a sip, telling yourself that you will remember your dreams when you wake up. The first action to do in the morning, keeping your eyes closed, if possible, is to take a sip and let the dreams come to the surface of your consciousness.
I like to sleep personally, with a headband to cut off the morning light and allow me to be still in the privacy of my dreams. This act gives me the chance to internalize myself and not get out too quickly of this state. I feel that the headband is part of my “dream uniform”, now you find yours and adopt the appropriate rituals, like those I have presented here, to remember easily your journeys in the dream dimension !

Article written by Patrick Tremblay, author of Onirikk, Volume 1: the last of the Saïwa, available from Lysons editions.

The Phoenix: the Immortal Firebird

Many myths, fantastic creatures have gone through centuries of history and thus mark our memories almost immutably. It is an animal whose myth is as old as its legendary longevity: the Phoenix.

The Phoenix: the Immortal Firebird

Hello my Marmosets!

I hope I missed you? Yes ? No ? Never mind ! I am still incrusted! Today, I come to make you a little “chat” about this animal that fascinates me as much as the dragon.

The phoenix is a legendary bird, resembling the heron, which has a long longevity that is characterized by its ability to reborn after consuming its own flames. It thus symbolizes the cycles of death, resurrection, but also of nobility. For the latter, I suppose, but as usual, it is only my humble opinion, that this is due to its majestic, almost imperial aspect.

The phoenix, or phoenix, comes from the ancient Greek φοῖνιξ / phoînix, meaning: “purple red”.

This fabulous bird was originally from Arabia and attached to the cult of the Sun in ancient Egypt, where it was also venerated. The narratives describe the phoenix as a sort of eagle adorned with a plumage of brilliant colors. Certainly because of this attachment to the worship of the sun. It is also probably the reason why, it remains in our minds like “the bird of fire” par excellence. When we think “phoenix” do we not immediately think of “immortal” and “fire“?

The phoenix can live for a long time, for centuries (the poor, it must be bored firmly); no tradition mentions an existence of less than five hundred years (nothing but that!). Whereas the shock for him is that suddenly our friend the phoenix reproduces himself: when he feels his end arrive, he builds a nest of aromatic branches and incense (he has the taste … or ought I to say smell), sets it on fire and burns itself in its flames. From the ashes of this pyre arises the new phoenix.

Georges Cuvier (anatomist and paleontologist) saw in him the golden pheasant. It has also been identified with birds of paradise and flamingos.

As with any mystical and fabulous creature, the phoenix has crossed several civilizations, and thus several myths. It is for this reason that we find birds similar to the one that is anchored in our current imagination in the mythologies: Persian under the name of “Simurgh” or “Rokh”, Chinese under the name of “Fenghuang” which means “immortal bird”, Native American with “Thunderbird” or aboriginal in Australia with “Minka bird”.

Through myths

As for the Persian phoenix, the bird has a connotation of lightness, the quintessence of things and beings. Here the animal incarnates the thought opposed to matter, the inner search for man, his “deep self, his spirit.

The Egyptian phoenix (the bénou) and the Greek are the oldest.

Herodotus (Greek historian and geographer) describes it thus:

“It is only in their country that every five hundred years […] its wings are partly golden and partly red, and it is entirely in conformity with the eagle as to the figure and the detailed description …”

However, the point of view of Herodotus contains several inconsistencies. Notably the burial of the father, knowing that there would be only one at a time.

The Moderns (who thought that literary creation consisted of innovating and militating for literature adapted to contemporary times and new artistic forms) saw it more like the Egyptian benou: a heron perched on the benben stone, the sacred stone of the temple solar of Heliopolis on which the first rays of the sun fall. The bird would then be the incarnation of the soul of Re or also the manifestation of Osiris.

As for the Roman phoenix for Ovidus, Pliny and Tacitus, the phoenix decomposes to be reborn, whereas in Martial and Stace the theme of the pyre and its spices appears analogous to the funerary practices of the Romans.

The effigy of the phoenix appears on the coins of Trajan to Constantine I (Roman emperors) and his sons.

Whatever the myths, the legendary phoenix is intimately linked to fire, either by solar attachment or by its own flames.

And religion in all that?

The Midrash Rabbah (set of ten aggadic midrashim collections on the five Torah Books and the five Rolls) reports that when Adam and Eve ate the fruit of the tree of knowledge all the animals also ate fruit forbidden, and that death was decreed for them all, except one bird called Khôlעוף החול” who did not eat it. That is why the phoenix lives forever. And Rabbi Yannai (or Rabbi Jannai, a wise Jew who lived in the third century) explains that his life takes place as follows: he lives a period of a thousand years at the end of which a fire bursts from his nest and consumes him an egg, and from this egg it grows again.

The phoenix is ​​also one of the most widespread Christian symbols. Numerous literary sources, profane and Christian, evoke the legend of the phoenix. Its symbolism is probably Stoic inspiration: the eternal fire destroys everything and brings it all back to life. It is the symbol of the Resurrection. The Christians have brought to light all that in nature could prepare the acceptance of this mystery. The legend of the phoenix contributes to it, as does the cock that announces the new day: a metaphor for the Christian who awaits the day when Christ returns. From that moment he occupied a prominent position on the bell-tower of the churches.

Whether in myths, religion, or even literature, the phoenix fuels our imagination in a marked way. He is, with the dragon, one of the few fantastic creatures to have not undergone any real physical change. It remains over the years as we imagine it: a kind of flaming eagle that is reborn from its ashes.

Its traces even go back to genesis, you are entitled, my Marmosets, to ask me these questions: has it really existed? Does he exist today? Obviously, I can not answer you. But, as for many of you, I remain passionate about all these wonderful creatures. I do not care if they are real or not, what matters to me is that they make us live our imagination, and that, along with the sirens and all the others, makes them , in my opinion, truly immortal.


The Phoenix in the manga

  • “Phoenix, the bird of fire”, by Osamu Tezuka

  • Ikki, character of “Saint Seya”

  • Marco, character of “One Piece”

  • “The Wings of the Phoenix”, Lim Jin Ju

  • “Phoenix”, Osamu Tezuka


The Phoenix in Music

  • PHÉNIX, the French Heavy Metal band


The Phoenix in Science

  • Phénix (nuclear), the fast breeder reactor located in Marcoule (Gard).

  • Phoenix is a constellation of the southern hemisphere.


The Phoenix in Literature

  • “The Order of the Phoenix”, (Harry Potter) JK Rowling, [NB: Fumesck, the Phoenix of Dumbledore, however appears before this volume.]

  • “The Metamorphoses of the Phoenix in Ancient Christianity,” in Folia Electronica Classica No. 8, Paul-Augustin Deproost.

  • The Bestiary of Christ, Milano, Arche, Louis Charbonneau-Lassay.

  • “The colorful phoenix (from Herodotus to Ambrose of Milan)”, Bulletin of the Association Guillaume Budé vol. 1, Laurence Gosserez

  • “The creation of the world and the phoenix”, Laurence Gosserez.

  • “The Birds Conference,” (Persian tale of the thirteenth century), Sufi Farid al-Din Attar of Nishapur (poet).

  • “The Phoenix Trilogy”, Bernard Simonay

  • “Cycle of the Phoenix”, Sébastien Pennes

  • “The Phoenix Guards”, Steven Brust


See you soon for new discoveries always more fabulous …

S-P Decroix, Author of The Princess Of The Deepest Times.

Jack Kerouac, on his breton road…

An Icon Of American Literature

Jack Kerouac. The first time I saw the name of this writer I knew nothing about him, it was a few years ago in the memoirs of a famous Montana author. He was referring to Jack Kerouac as an icon of American literature, and I was surprised that a family name with such Breton resonance could associate with America.

A few days later I was in my hands. On the road, the Beat Generation’s leading book, realizing with enthusiasm that I had just found the kind of literature I had been waiting for. Long descriptions of landscapes, a style of spontaneous writing mixed with great lyricism where travel also rhymes with melancholy. The fact that this icon of literature is as Breton, as I am, being the icing on the cake.

He is considered one of the most important American authors of the 20th century. His style of writing has inspired American singers Tom Waits and Bob Dylan.

On the road, his most famous novel is an ode to the great outdoors, to the epic adventure towards the west, and to the discovery of new worlds.

The Truth About Its Origins

Breton origins that the writer has long sought to understand and document throughout his life in particular in 1965 where, a few years before his death, he visited the city of BREST after having found in the National Archives of thin information about his ancestor Maurice -Louis Le Bris de Kervoac. Information that unfortunately will not suffice to shed light on its history.

The surname of his ancestor is actually Urbain-François Le Bihan de Kervoac.

Son of notaries from Huelgoat, who, targeted by justice for charges of thefts, decides to go into exile in Quebec. An ancestor who, to protect himself from justice, will constantly hide his true identity, thus preventing the writer from pinpointing his genealogy.

His demons and successes

In 1946, his father died and took refuge in books. His writings became increasingly autobiographical and he worked frantically on the tapestry of On the Road, from his numerous notebooks of preparatory notes. This “introspective writing leads him to wonder about the foundations of his evil of life” and Kerouac realizes that he has “a subconscious desire to fail, a kind of wish of death. “

Having problems with alcohol and drugs, during 10 years his writings will be refused by the publishing houses. His income became very low and his addiction to alcohol and amphetamines reached a climax. He plans to stop writing several times, in vain.

In 1955, in San Francisco, Kerouac made an important encounter: Gary Snyder, an enthusiast of hiking and Japanese philosophy. The two men, accompanied by a bookseller, John Montgomery, make an expedition at an altitude of 3600 meters to the peak of Matterhorn. Kerouac is introduced to meditation and haiku, short Japanese poems that evoke a feeling, a situation, an atmosphere. The encounter with himself and with the simplicity, the absence of excesses and drugs or alcohol makes Kerouac decide to begin a “new life”.

2 years later, his novel On the Road is published and the success is immediate. According to the poet Kenneth Rexroth, he is even “the most famous author in America.

At the end of his life, covered with debts, Urbain-Francois Le Bihan of Kervoac died leaving a wife and three children who fathered the descendants of Jack Kerouac among them Jean Baptiste Kerouac, French-Canadian grandfather of Jack Kerouac who emigrates In the USA, thus making his grandson the most Breton American writers.

In 2012, the Brazilian film-event Walter Salles, produced by Francis Ford Coppola, is presented in official selection at the Cannes Film Festival, the first exhibition in France of the original text of the mythical On The Road. Reclus of the world and without a penny, but with an archive that will be valued at more than 10 million euros …

In spite of his demons and though he died prematurely due to his excesses, Jack Kerouac brilliantly succeeded in impressing minds by his genius and inspiring positively many people on his way, beyond the origins and the borders…

Article written by Jude Castel, author of destination and wandering.

The Voynich manuscript: a very mysterious book

Voynich’s manuscript: I have always been fascinated by this enigma. Being an unconditional fan of the fantastic and the mysterious, it could not be otherwise. This manuscript is a secret all by itself, pages after pages, jealously guarding the smallest piece of truth. Lara Croft and Sydney Fox would gladly pull it off, trying to uncover its true story – Indiana Jones, seeming to have already done it…

How can a simple block of leaves, connected together, arouse so much wonder and mystery at the same time?

After all, it’s just a book! Yes, but precisely:

What is this book? Its goal ? When was it written? Who is the author ?

Even today, all these questions remain in suspense, lost between mysticism and more down-to-earth theories. However, despite these many assumptions, all doubts remain allowed. That is what fascinates so much.

The discovery of the manuscript

The manuscript bears the name of the man who discovered it in 1912, near Rome, in a Roman religious congregation: Wilfrid M. Voynich. Composed of 234 pages, this book is made of vellum (dead-calf skin, worked in parchment). It would seem, according to pagination, that the work is missing 13 folios. Presumably, the latter were already missing when Voynich acquired the manuscript. Written in a totally unknown language, the book contains many illustrations, mainly plants, unidentifiable.

A carbon-14 analysis showed that it was manufactured between 1404 and 1438. Apart from what we know from our technologies, the manuscript only appeared in history in 1665. In fact, a letter dated from this time, Jan Marek Marci (scientist and philosopher) indicates that the book was bought by Rudolf II of the Holy Roman Empire (Prince of the House of Austria – great royal family). According to a correspondence study, the oldest owner of this book was Georg Baresch, an alchemist living in Prague in the 17th century. According to the hypothesis advanced, the manuscript will be held by the Roman College between 1648 and 1912.

The only signs reflecting the antiquity of the Voynich manuscript – the text remains incomprehensible – can be found in the illustrations, more specifically in the dresses and headdresses of the characters, as well as in the two castles that appear. These elements are characteristic of the European style, between 1450 and 1520. Although these illustrations remain mysterious, they were classified by researchers into six sections:

  • Herbarium;
  • Astronomy;
  • Biology;
  • Cosmology;
  • Chemotherapy;
  • Recipes.

Even the American cryptologist William Friedman, known for having successfully deciphered the code used by the Japanese army during the Second World War, failed in his attempt to understand Voynich’s manuscript.

The main theories

The Voynich manuscript would be an encyclopedic work listing therapeutic plants, as well as substances of animal and mineral origin.

Some hypotheses suggest that it would be a medieval recipe to create the philosopher’s stone.

In 1970, a cryptographer of the US Navy said that the book had been written by several authors. This conclusion has recently been challenged by a writing expert.

Many authors have been attributed to this book, some of which have been discarded recently thanks to carbon-14 dating, others by the results of research – and for some, the mystery remains: Roger Bacon (author dismissed but long evoked John Dee, Edward Kelley, Anthony Ascham, Jacobus Sinapius, Jan Marci, Raphael Mnishovsky, Wilfrid Voynich (also dismissed by correspondence dated 1639).

An undecodable manuscript

The manuscript would be written in a European language, intentionally hidden by letter-coding.

Words would be encoded so that they can be found using a dictionary or an encryption table.

Much of the text would make no sense, hiding information in unnoticed details.

The language used would be invented from scratch.

The linguist Jacques Guy suggested that the manuscript used an exotic natural language, written with an invented alphabet. This theory would be the most coherent, and historically plausible.

The manuscript would come from Mexico and not from Europe, some plants appearing to resemble Mesoamerican species.

Many people think that this manuscript is purely an imposture. However, this hypothesis has been ruled out by all the studies carried out on the book.

The very fragile Voynich manuscript aroused so much curiosity in the world that the Beinecke Library where it was preserved (Yale University, United States) decided to cede – to a secret amount – the reproduction rights to a house Of Spanish edition, specializing in the publication of ancient manuscript facsimiles. Thus, 898 replicas will be produced, for a price of 7000 to 8000 euros each. For the manufacture of the first facsimile, the process will take no less than eighteen months.
Skeptics and more convinced must all admit a fact: the Voynich manuscript contains many mysteries. For to the questions “who?”, “when?”, “where?”, “why?”, no one can answer with absolute certainty.

And you, are you subjugated by the secrets that hide this old work? What are your theories?

Article written by Maud Wlek (Author of Nayra).

Did the vampires really exist?

Vampires are emblematic figures that form an integral part of our culture. These are mythological creatures entered into legend since the dawn of time… Discover their origins and where to find them through this exciting article! Did the vampires really exist?

It’s S-P DECROIX that tells you better about it…

Hello girls, boys and marmosets!

What? There are no boys among you? Ah! Ah! I know, I know, not even funny! Alexia told me I was funny. It’s really nice of you Alexia, but my sense of humor is to see again. So, from today, I will call you “marmosets“.

So, after my article on the dragons I asked myself: “But what am I going to tell them to marmosets next time? “Ah! If you knew all that crosses my mind, you would take your legs to your necks! In short, let’s go back to our monsters and various creatures.

“What’s she going to talk the lady?”

(OK the sentence is super null, but hey, you will have to do with!)

After jargoning about the “dragon”, I decided to talk to you about “creatures of the night”, but which one? No! Not John Travolta! So? You found ? Yes? No?

The Vampires!

Origins

Yes, with their pointed teeth and their pronounced taste for blood, vampires are the creatures of the night par excellence! The origins of this legendary creature are found in ancient myths and diverse throughout the world, but become popular mainly on the European continent.

“Vampire” comes from the German “Vampir”, which comes from the Hungarian “vámpir”, which in most Slavic languages is a word designating a bat.

The vampire is part of the great “ghost” family. According to the different folklore and the most common superstition, this undead man feeds on the blood of the living to derive his life force. Its victims die of having been emptied of their blood or they undergo certain conditions (blood exchange, placing underground with its “genitor” are some of the best-known examples), in vampires, but only after their death: “they die and live again!”

It is Arnold Paole, a Serb, who was the first to be called “vampire” in the eighteenth century.

You may think that it is the one that everyone calls “Dracula” who was the first vampire, but not… Vlad III Basarab, of his real name, knows indeed an important celebrity during his lifetime: the merchants Saxons of Transylvania and the king of Hungary, Matthias Corvin, make him a cruel ruler who impales his enemies, which earned him nicknames such as “The Impaler” or “Drăculea” (“son of the devil” or “son of the dragon”). Inspired by the nickname of Vlad III Basarab, the figure of the Count of Dracula was invented by Bram Stocker for his novel in 1897, which is why Vlad III Basarab is now assimilated to a vampire but he wasn’t one!

The contemporary myth of the vampire would be a sort of “superposition” of several other supernatural creatures from various European folklore, especially Slavic. Some authors have enumerated precursors: spirits, demons, or ghosts in turn, possessed or not (incomplete list): the “visitor”, the “hungry”, the “nightmare”, the “strangler”, the “chewer” (well yes, they chew us gently the neck with their small pointed canines… ok… really must I stop!) And finally the returning to animal form (Bat? Hum … no comment).

Characteristics of Vampires

This undead creature is universally known to feed on the blood of the living as soon as night falls, for, as I said before, to take their vital force and remain immortal! In fact, this is not entirely accurate, as it is for the Vampire to no longer be subject to old age. Other elements of folklore are well entrenched in our minds: the coffin in which he takes refuge during the day to rest and the cemetery: “let’s go home!” (Honestly each his “trip”, me personally, the cemeteries at night, it’s not my trip…).

In many legends, the vampire also feeds on human excrements and flesh, including his own: it is the automation that includes not only his flesh but also his clothes (if you had just eaten, excuse). This detail seems to be verified by old records of stories of shrouds found chewed. (I warned you: Vampires love to chew on).

Of course, what also characterizes the Vampire is his legendary pair of … what? From sharp canines! (Stop having ideas misplaced!) The clothing appearance, it would have been built in the cinematographic and theatrical folklore, in particular his famous cloak.

Some mystical powers are also given to him:

He hypnotizes his victims, seduces them, reads in thoughts, changes into mist, bat, sometimes in wolf or, according to legends, he controls them.

It is also this particular link with the wolf that makes that generally when one thinks of the Vampire, we often associate the Werewolf.

It seems that killing a “master vampire” or a “vampire-genitor” frees those he has transformed or sometimes his children die with him.

The Vampire if he becomes more powerful, fast, and resistant with age, would be “indisposed” by the smell of garlic, wild rose or hawthorn. Some objects would be able to repel it: the mythical crucifix, the rosary, the holy water and the mirror (since it cannot be reflected in it). He cannot walk on consecrated soils (Church, etc.). The legend also says that a Vampire cannot enter a house without being invited.

Bram Stoker’s work, Dracula, was first published in 1897 and is still popular today.

As the Vampire is an undead, he is already dead! So to kill him, it was necessary to rack one’s brains! (Ah, Ah!) Of course, decapitation is the most effective way to eliminate it, followed by a stake in the heart, a nail in the head (definitely) or a cremation in good form!

References to the Vampire

(Incomplete lists, you understand that they are too long…)


Literature:

  • Dracula by Bram Stocker.
  • The Vampyre by John Stagg
  • The Vampire by John William Polidori
  • The Vourdalak Family (published in Tolstoy’s Stories of the Living Dead)
  • History of the Pale Lady, novel by Alexandre Dumas (1849).
  • The Knight of Darkness by Paul Féval (1860)
  • Lokis of Prosper Mérimée.
  • The Horla (in its first version) by Guy de Maupassant
  • The Parasite of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
  • Vampire Chronicles, Interview with a vampire by Anne Rice

Movies:

  • Nosferatu the vampire by Friedrich Murnau, in 1922
  • Vampyr, or the strange adventure of David Gray in 1932
  • The Dracula Nightmare, by Terence Fisher in 1958.
  • Polanski’s Ball of the Vampires in 1967 (parody)
  • Tony Scott’s Predators in 1983
  • Vampire, did you say vampire ? Tom Holland in 1985 and Tommy
  • Lee Wallace in 1988 Dracula by Francis Ford Coppola in 1992
  • Interview with a vampire by Neil Jordan in 1994
  • Craig Gillespie’s Fright Night in 2011.

Cinematographic and television series:

  • The Blade Saga
  • The Underworld Saga
  • The Twilight Saga
  • Buffy the Vampire Slayer
  • Angel
  • Vampires Diaries
  • Supernatural (Ahhhhhh the best series in my senses, which has many other creatures!)
  • True Blood
  • Being Human
  • The Clan of the Damned
  • The Originals (I love it!)

Mangas / Comics:

  • Vampire Hunter D (manga)
  • Vampire Princess Miyu (manga)
  • Vampire Knight (manga)
  • Hellsing (manga)
  • Requiem, Chevalier Vampire (BD)
  • The Prince of the Night (BD)
  • 30 days of night (comics)

Video Games:

  • Castlevania (since 1986),
  • Legacy of Kain (since 1996)
  • Bram Stoker’s Dracula, in 1993.
  • The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion
  • The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind
  • Dracula: Resurrection, Dracula 2: The Last Sanctuary, Dracula 3: The Way of the Dragon
  • The Masquerade (roleplaying)
  • Dracula’s Fury (board game).

We may never really know if the vampires existed as they are described to us, but is there smoke without fire? One thing is certain: those who inspired these creatures did indeed exist, but they undoubtedly renounced their immortality in order to rest in peace! Their legend, in any case, it, continues to persist in time… for eternity!

Article written by S-P DECROIX.

Is a writer what he writes?

I am what I write.

Is the writer really what he writes? It is a phrase I like to affirm and to which many writers could identify… or not!

Indeed, when this sentence was read, at first sight, one could say that there is something to be afraid when one reads certain writers! For, not everyone writes romance novels or heroic and epic adventures! What is the part of truth and invention in a novel, a book? Where is the essence of the author who completed his work? Is a book just an exercise in style? What does he really reveal about his author and about us? Let’s look at these different points together, and it is a writer who speaks to you! This new approach to writing could well change your look at reading …
Are you sure you keep reading what follows?

All right…

A truth disguised or highlighted

What is true and what is false in what a writer can write? The writer is known to know perfectly how to speak Molière’s language, letters and rhetoric, so it is perfectly legitimate to ask himself whether he is authentic and whether everything he writes reflects the truth or Is a pure exercise in style and imagination?

Although the writer has a great deal of knowledge and verb, he is skilled at expressing in writing what he may not be able to say or reveal by word of mouth. Others, on the other hand, excel in both writing and speaking, but what matters is that he has things to say and a message to convey.

If some writers manage to communicate a clear and clear message, for others it is very difficult to understand at first reading what they meant! However, can he write about subjects that he does not know or feel intimately? Can he actually put words on what he has never experienced personally? Of course, you would tell me immediately! And I will say no. And I explain myself!

When a writer undertakes the writing of a fiction, it has a whole work of observation, investigation and understanding before approaching a subject that is particularly close to his heart. This is a crucial step for the credibility of a universe and the atmosphere it must generate. The illusion must be perfect! This is what makes a work appreciated by the reader: its striking realism, as if we were immersed in the heart of the story and we felt exactly the emotions of the characters; We are not only readers but actors of history; We identify with certain characters, we empathize with them, history makes us live emotions and opens us to understanding.

Everything we feel at the moment of our reading is closely related to the emotions that we could live in real situations! The same goes for the writer when he immortalizes his emotions on paper. As incredible as it may be: everything written by an authentic writer is deeply felt, at different scales certainly, but he cannot share a feeling or an event that would not first have reached his mind in some way ! In this he consciously or unconsciously associates a fictitious or semi-fictitious event with a memory or an emotion that he himself would have lived in his own life. As a film actor imbues himself with his own emotions to embody a character on the screen and give the impression of a perfect illusion, the writer must necessarily soak up his personal history to bring into the world a universe that will be authentic, not by its form, but by the depth with which the writer has chosen the right words to immerse us in the reality he has created in all sincerity. He can not give what he does not have intrinsically.

What is true in any writer’s work is the authenticity with which he shares his emotions. He does not need to have literally experienced what his story tells, but by writing it he transposes his feelings and feels them strongly about the present moment, along with the reader. Exactly as in a film, with an infinite richness of details and an unparalleled freedom of imagination! And that’s what makes the magic of writing! The reader fully appropriates history, transposing its own psychic projections onto those already transcribed. Thus, the reader puts familiar faces on characters that are agreeable to him and unpleasant faces on those who displease him, all this is done in an unconscious way, but actively participates in the pluridimensional character of the work!

A book is always born a second time in the mind of the reader. And it will be like this eternally, is not it magnificent?

A book does not just read, it lives! Although everything is not “real” (in our physical dimension) and the result of the fruit of the imagination, the materialization of its universe resulting from the psyche by words makes it real in the dimension of our imaginary and palpable even in our regions !

Beyond Words…

The authenticity, the very essence of the author, what is deep within himself, often hides between the lines! We might even assert the following phrases, as I myself maintain:

Tell me what you write, I’ll tell you who you are. Tell me what you like to read, I will tell you what you aspire to!

For me, writing transcends speech.

Why?

The writing style of the writer is very revealing of his personality; He does not need to speak, his writing does it in his place. Through it, an infinite amount of information is communicated to us voluntarily or not. Indeed, the way in which one word is used rather than another, to use one phrase rather than another, and to assemble the sentences to one another, reflects the author’s way of handling the verb; Perhaps with simplicity, subtlety, on a mystic wat, meticulousness, intellectuality or complexity. He can not express himself otherwise than what he can not be himself! It seems so obvious. Even if he decides to use terms that he would not normally use in everyday life or to create a pastiche or a parody, if he does it is because he has everything to Makes the abilities and it is a facet of himself that he prefers to turn into derision!

The writer is not fixed to a single register, just as man keeps evolving over time, he also evolves through his writings and the events he lives. The most important, and the most revealing, about himself is the message he has to convey to us.

Why did he write his work and what did he want to tell us through it?

It is no coincidence that we like to study or comment on texts in literature; to raise the veil or to try to understand what a writer does not express in his writings is the essence of the writer. The essence of the writer is both in what he tells us and what he does not tell us! What he tells us and what he keeps silent about is extremely important and meaningful! The ideas he shares have reached him and found refuge in him, feeling a need or a duty to transpose them black and white, to make us share. And if they have found in him a hand disposed to be at their service, it is because at bottom his heart has been sensitive, touched, aligned with the same vibration as this idea or felt the need to transpose them. This can not be the result of chance and it is in this that a reading is exciting and could be the subject of a thorough psychoanalytic study! We read what is said and both we reflect on what is implied and not explicitly stated. There lies the genius of a work. Every book has an important message and often offers us answers to the questions we posed consciously or unconsciously through the verb of an author who expresses for us what we needed to hear to unlock a personal situation Or orient us towards the right choice, the right attitude to adopt in a decision that we would have to take…

Each book speaks to us and reveals to us, just as every written line is the materialization of the vibratory wave emanated by the writer himself at the moment when he writes it. That’s the magic of writing! And it is doubtless this authenticity, this spontaneity that makes the pleasure of reading perpetuates through the centuries and propels authors to a resounding success, succeeding in vibrating with the same intensity that at the time of their writing of the millions of readers around the world!

What does a book tell us about its author and about ourselves?

Books are rich in meaning. This is what makes every work an immeasurable treasure. A book has several readings and as many possible interpretations as human beings on Earth! An authentic writer is necessarily open-hearted! What does a book about its author reveal? And about ourselves?

Only he holds the key to all the mysteries that reign over him, but he can not hand it over to others, for he is the guardian of his psychic and social stability. Its secret garden allows it to make it bloom more beautiful to the delight of those who will want to venture there by reading his books and what he will tell us…

Each book has a soul. A book is a heart that beats. A book is love materialized by writing.

A book is a part of oneself that one finds. It is an inestimable gift that writers offer us in the writing of their work when they are procured, for they not only give themselves up, but deliver us from our preoccupations to bring us back to ourselves and to one of the shortest paths to love: empathy.

The real question to ask is, how far do we want to go in the author’s intimacy and how far are we ready to plunge deep within ourselves?

Writing is an act of love, issued without expecting anything in return. Reading is the best act we can do to continue to spread love and bring us closer to our essence. There are secrets they will probably never reveal to us, but if we keep our eyes open, we could perfectly read between the lines and find out what the book has to say…

Each reading is a prelude to a revelation.

What if the reader was also what he read? There is also reason to reflect on the question! In the meantime, take care of your readings and keep your mind open to the messages a book wants to communicate to you! A book never falls into our hands by chance…

Article written by Leandro De Carvalho, author of Living In Harmony.

A great mystery: where does writing come from?

Writing: the mysterious invention that allowed evolution!

Imagine a world without writing… Impossible, you would say! And for good reason: we need it every day! Let us now see how it was born and all its benefits over humanity…

The article on the Fantastic you very much liked, I am delighted. It was a question of evoking the origins of a universe that carries the Nayra saga. Starting from this momentum of origins, I would like to talk with you today about those we particularly love, readers and authors: writing.


What is writing?

Let’s start with the basics: what is writing? It is a means of communication, representing language, through the inscription of signs on various media. Each culture has its own graphic, but respects the same structure: vocabulary, speech, semantics, grammar. A writing system is an organized, language-based method for storing and transmitting messages. These systems can be classified into three categories: semmasiographies (although specialists do not agree to consider them as scriptures), logographic writings and syllabic scriptures.

Where does the writing come from?

According to some, Prehistory ends with the birth of writing. Historically, writing was born 6000 years ago, in Mesopotamia and Egypt, and almost simultaneously, but nevertheless differentiated. However, the recent development of literacy studies leads to a reassessment of the dates of writing. The development of writing has undoubtedly been influenced by pragmatic requirements such as the codification of laws, the exchange of information, the recording of history, and the keeping of financial accounts. Thus, writing allowed the preservation of history.

The alphabet is a system of writing, composed of a set of symbols. “The oldest traces of the ancestor of all the present alphabets are located in the Sinai desert around the fifteenth century BC. J.-C “(Wikipedia source).


Some authors of fantasy and science fiction have invented an imaginary alphabet to develop their universes: the tengwar (The Lord of the Rings, J.R.R. Tolkien), the Enochian (John Dee) …

Some religious systems saw writing as a threat to oral transmission and the existing order. Moreover, according to an ancient Egyptian myth taken up by Platon in the Phaedrus, writing and language were invented by the god Thot, nicknamed the “lord of time”; Considered as the one who holds knowledge and transmits it, as the incarnation of intelligence and speech, charged with transmitting his unlimited knowledge, he would have invented writing to do this! Writing would thus aim to restore order, notably by forming legal systems, to preserve history and to spread knowledge.


The impact of writing

Writing has had a strong cultural and social impact. These effects will be multiplied with the mechanization of writing by printing. It is only necessary to note all the works which are sold by millions in the world and which have a considerable influence on our culture and our way of thinking about life and the world.

The Bible, for example, has passed over 2500 million copies throughout history; The Little Red Book has sold more than 900 million copies and the Koran has more than 800 million copies! These three books have been the most sold in the world for centuries and have never been dethroned until now! These writings have a direct impact on our way of life, our way of thinking and acting.

According to linguists, out of about 3,000 languages listed in the world, hardly a hundred are written.


In conclusion, I find it exciting to say that despite the technologies we have, we are at the moment not sure about the appearance of writing. Each new discovery can challenge the history that we took for granted. Still today, writing remains a great mystery because no one really knows how it appeared … only certainty: without it, we would have a hard time explaining the universe, life and the world, to communicate , To immortalize our memories, to entertain us, to express our emotions, our feelings, to develop our imagination and to leave traces to help the future generations, because writing is what makes us human beings at the forefront of evolution.

“Writing is the painting of the voice,” Voltaire.

Article written by Maud Wlek, author of Nayra.

The Inspirational Life Of J.K. Rowling

 
She secretly dreamed of being a writer. Her parents wanted her to be a bilingual secretary… Today she is one of the writers who sells the most books in the world!

Already small, she had the literary fiber…

A life so inspirational!

Like, Comment & Share! 

Article written by Leandro De Carvalho, author of Little Red Riding Hood : a New World.

The fantastic: a subtle, engaging and revealing register!

Great follower of this register in particular, both in reading and writing, I am delighted to be able to tell you a little more about the fantastic.

The different literary genres

First, let’s make a global point. There are several literary genres:

  • poetic,
  • narrative,
  • theatrical,
  • epistolary,
  • argumentative,
  • descriptive,
  • graphics
  • And experimental.

Each has subgenera and registers. If you want to know more about the subject, I invite you to consult this page which will detail you perfectly the various genres, subgenres and registers in literature: To know more.

Thus, the fantastic is a register, classified in the narrative genre. Until then, you follow me? Perfect. It is not easy to find oneself, I grant you …


The fantastic: between magic and reality!

Let us now get to the heart of the matter: the fantastic. In this literary register, the supernatural is introduced and evolves in a realistic framework. The hero has a reaction of rejection or fear in the face of the supernatural events to which he is confronted. Not to be confused with fantasy or the wonderful. In fantasy, as in the marvelous, the supernatural is accepted and often used to define the rules of an imaginary world; The evoked imaginary is perceived as a norm and far removed from our reality … (The Lord of the Rings, A Song of Ice and Fire, Harry Potter …).


The origins of the fantastic register

Definition given, let us pass to the origins of the fantastic. The true source of this genre is the English Gothic novel, which appeared at the end of 1785. At that time, authors created a more pronounced atmosphere of horror in their works, propelling readers into a common query: what is real And what is not? In France, the authors are inspired by these novels and propose works called “frenetic” (or called “black romance”), including in these last the taste for the macabre or the horror. Frenetic romanticism thus rejected the spirit of the Enlightenment, as did the classical rigor of the time.

Finally, strong in these influences, the fantastic register was born in Germany at the beginning of the 19th century thanks to the writer Adelbert von Chamisso. But it is Hoffmann (Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann) who will have a universal influence on this register. Moreover, it is through his tales, translated into French in the 1830s, that the Fantastic will experience a real rise in France. Great authors have tried it: Honoré de Balzac, Théophile Gautier and Guy de Maupassant. It should be noted that the fantasy registry has often been used to circumvent censorship, and to disseminate, for example, political criticism or certain claims without fear of possible retaliation.


A subtle, engaging and revealing register!

The characteristic of the fantastic would be to reveal things that are usually hidden and that we do not want to see.

According to Lovecraft, the fantasy must provoke a fear in order to generate a catharsis (releasing its repressed emotions) in the reader. Thus, the supernatural manifestations in the fantastic are mostly harmful, but it is, it seems, for our good! I do not get tired of it!


Where to find the fantastic book in the books?

In a non-exhaustive way, I quote here some of the literary works, in the fantastic register, the best known or which have had an impact in the appearance of this register:

  • Otranto Castle, Horace Walpole, 1764 (inaugurates the genre of the Gothic novel);
  • Vathek, William Beckford (one of the leading novels of frenetic tendency, written in French by an English author in 1786);
  • The Elixirs of the Devil, Hoffmann, 1815;
  • The elixir of long life, Honoré de Balzac, 1830;
  • The Leader of Wolves, Alexandre Dumas, 1857;
  • The Horla, Guy de Maupassant, 1887;
  • He who haunted the darkness, H. P Lovecraft, 1935;
  • Shining, the Light Child, Stephen King, 1977;
  • Journal of a Vampire, L.J.Smith, 1991;
  • Twilight, Stephenie Meyer, 2005.

To conclude, I will reveal to you what I like to think:

The fantastic is to be free, while keeping a little bit the feet on Earth …

Article written by Maud Wlek, author of Nayra.

The Senois teach us how to improve our lives by dreaming consciously!

The Senois: Who are they?

The Senois are a tribe of Malaysia giving crucial importance to the dream world. They practice what can be called the “lucid dream.” In the morning, at lunch, the grownups encourage the little ones to tell their dreams. The adults listen attentively to the children and make suggestions to them in order to optimize this dream creativity:


“What did you dream of last night?” Did you dream that a tiger was chasing you? That’s good … Next time try to turn you around and face him! “


As a result, as adolescents, young Senoi do not have nightmares. The Senois teach us how to improve our lives by dreaming consciously!

Why do they no longer have nightmares?

Because they learn to face their fears and anxieties. They integrate the notion that they are the only masters on board their dreams, so to always face danger. No need for a degree in psychology to understand that this night behavior influences that of day. Neurosis and psychosis are absent in this people, which reminds us, according to the psychiatrist and psychotherapist Perls, of the function of the dream:

“Integrating our personality”.

A method with positive effects!

According to the senoi system, any dream person who does not collaborate in our favor must be considered an enemy. It is even allowed to kill these characters of dreams which are unfavorable to us. The image thus eliminated releases a positive energy which comes from a part of oneself invested in this “antagonist.” In return, the senoi method proposes to ask a gift to our aggressor … whether it be the solution to a problem, a creative idea, a positive outcome to a specific problem, an invention, the right decision to make life.

An erotic dream? What if you chase it to orgasm without feeling guilty?

For the Senois, it’s important to seek pleasure and to take advantage of it. If sexual contact occurs in a dream, continue to orgasm. Even when it is a question of a “forbidden” or “improbable” love, let us go to the end without guilt, since it is a matter of integrating a part of ourselves.

If we dream that we fall on an open air flight, let’s imagine the next time we fly to stop falling. When we succeed in flying, try to reach an inspiring, magical place …

Senois also appeal to their dream allies when there is a threat and that they consider the need for help necessary. Who are these allies? They can come from everyday life (friends, a relative, a dog, a cat,) or directly from the world of dreams.

In short, the senoï method is what?


The senoi system is that of a vesperial cooperative which seeks to integrate our personality by leading it to be stronger in the dream dimension, thus nourishing our creativity and freeing us from any anxiety, frustrations and troubles that could weigh on our daily lives.

Master your dreams to live better in real life!

This system would reduce any violence and mental illness, any stress and ambition of warrior conquest.


Here are the rules you must follow to apply the senoi system:

  • Confront and overcome danger,
  • Call reinforcement and allies if necessary,
  • Optimize your nights by reflecting on how you transform your next dreams,
  • Honoring gifts received during your dreams (painting, singing, writing, dancing, etc.),
  • Share your dreams with people around you who are interested in them,
  • Observe your progress and not be discouraged from your mistakes,
  • Cultivate the act of pleasure and that of flying like a bird!

Well, now … You know what you have to do to develop your creativity and annihilate all your anxieties, stresses and nightmares!

Let your friends discover the senoi system to help them to get rid of their anxieties! Share this article!

Article written by Patrick Tremblay, author of Onirikk.