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The Elves, who are they?

The Elves are in our minds majestic beings, imbued with magic, mystery and immortality (or at least of an astonishing longevity). But what is really happening? Where does their myth begin? Especially: are they really what we believe?

Hello my Marmosets!

I know, I know, I was sooooooooo long absent … but I reassure you: “Here I am!” So you have the choice: either I tell you what I did during my half-holidays (I have a lot to tell you!), Or I speak to you about something else … then? Okay, OK… I’ll tell you about fantastic creatures … (pfff you’re really not friendly with me!).

Creature of the day, hello!

The Elves: Guardians of Nature

In fact, I realize that the word “Elf” is often used in the plural. Would it be a distortion of our imagination to perceive them thus? I think so. Try. Close your eyes and try to project an Elf into your mind. They are always imagined as a great family: “to many, we are better! “Great? Pointy ears ? With arcs perhaps? Fine? Almost immortal? Links with magic? Nature too? Do you see it ? A beautiful “Legolas” stands before you. (Do not babe too much, girls!) Is that it? Are you there? Good. If I told you that all these facts about them are not quite true? That our “literary” imagination has distorted the real image of these beings?

First of all, we must know that the origin of the Elvish myth is northern, even if they are also found in Celtic mythology.

This myth is still deeply rooted in Scandinavian folklore. Initially, they were minor divinities, linked to nature, but also to fertility.

That is, I think (this is still my personal opinion), which undoubtedly gave birth to their legendary longevity, but of course I can be wrong.

A human appearance

An elf is an anthropomorphic creature (whose appearance is human) that originally lived close to nature, was small in size and had pointed ears. The Norwegian term “Huldrefolk” refers to the “hidden people” or “vetter” a kind of earth-related “goblins”, approaching the dwarfs of northern mythology more than elves.
Their figure will be taken up again in fantasy, especially in the mythical writings of Tolkien, who then made them great characters, incredibly beautiful, imprinted with nobility and wisdom.

(Légolaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaas !)

Their attachment to nature persists, since they often live in forests. They are also given amazing magic powers and incredible longevity. In fact, humans perceive them as immortal. They will also keep their ears long and pointed. They would be incredibly agile, fast, gifted in the handling of bows and would have a piercing view. This makes them formidable hunters and warriors.
J. R. R. Tolkien, in parallel to the writing of the accounts of Middle-earth, invented a series of elvish languages ​​whose existence is not reduced to their mention in narrative; with other non elven languages ​​placed in the same imaginary world, they form the set of languages ​​of Middle-earth.
Once adults, the Elves no longer age, they never get sick. Only a serious wound (or deep grief) can cause them to die. Their astonishing longevity gives them a totally different view of the world (and life) from that of humans. In fact, they tend to view short-term adventures with disdain and indifference, as they necessarily project themselves on the “longer term”. Nevertheless, when they have a well-defined purpose, they are tenacious, with a determined determination. If they bind little friendship, it is always perennial.

It would seem that the Elves themselves would choose their first name in adulthood (about 100 years).

The Elves are generally more intelligent than humans (no, no, I will not comment), or at least endowed with greater wisdom. They possess ancestral knowledge, especially in the field of trees, plants … They live indeed very close to nature. This concept is probably derived from the Nordic and Germanic mythologies. I do not want to pass for a rambler, nevertheless, it seems to me to have said above that the Elves were minor divinities of nature. Their senses, mainly sight and hearing, are particularly refined and far superior to those of men.

The voice of the Elves is sometimes compared to the murmur of the water. In some stories, their song has a relationship to magic.

At the beginning…

In ancient texts in Norse (ancient Icelandic) the Elves are named “álfar” in the singular “álfr”. And in modern Scandinavian languages:

  • Icelandic: “álfur” – plural “álfar”, “álfafólk”;
  • Danish: “elver”, “elverfolk”, sometimes “ellefolk”, or “alf” – plural “alfer”;
  • Norwegian: “alv” – plural “alver”, “alvefolk”;
  • Swedish: ‘alv’ – plural ‘alver’, in the female ‘älva’ – plural ‘älvor’;
  • Scots: “elfen”.

Moreover, this first word “álfar” would have a proto-Indo-European origin, a prehistoric language that gave rise to the Indo-European languages. (What? I’m cheating it to death? No, not even true!). In fact, the word “alb” meaning “white” is found, for example, in Latin: “albus” which means the same thing. This linguistic “root” is found in ancient Germanic languages, but also modern: English (and Old English), Dutch (and Dutch), German (as well as Old High German and Middle High (without the letter “H” is a dead language spoken by the Goths in the Middle Ages).

Northern Mythology

Freyr, god of fertility in Nordic mythology, would be the lord of the “Alfes (Elves)”.

This leaves us immediately to think that if the myth relates “elves of light” and therefore “benevolent” there must also exist “black elves”, therefore “dark”. Be that as it may, Elves appear in various ways in northern mythology (but also in Germanic mythology). They are generally described as semi-divine beings associated with fertility (thank God Freyr) and ancestor worship.
The concept of “Elf” thus seems similar to the animist beliefs: everything is provided with soul, with spirit, even objects like a stone, or an element like the wind. The belief of the “fylgjur”: “the spirit totem” and the “vörðar”: “the protective spirit” is identical in Nordic mythology. The Elves are frequently compared to the nymphs of Greek and Roman mythology, to Vili (the northern god, brother of Odin) and to the Roussalki (close beings of the naiads, sirens, fairies or Greco-Roman wonders) of Slav mythology .
Many Germanic first names are taken from the name of the elf: Ælfric, Ælfwine, Ælfréd (modern Alfred), Alberich. It is also the case of some ancient French names of Germanic origin, such as Auberon and Aubry.
The mythologist and mythographer (Mythographer, not to be confused with mythomaniacs!) Seriously, mythography is studying … myths, not even funny, I know) Icelandic. Snorri Sturluson sometimes refers to the Nordic Dwarves as “Dark Elves”: “dökkálfar” or “black elves”: “svartálfar”. They would be blacksmiths and guardians of treasures. But this is a mistake. For Dwarves and Elves are two types of different creatures, not remaining, and moreover, in the same place. The “Dark Elves” would live in Svartalfheim while the Dwarfs would be in Nidavellir. It would therefore be a belated belief. The distinction between light Alfes (from the sky) and black Alfes (subterranean) influences the vision of these creatures. Since then, Men have been suspicious of the Black Alves, while the Clear Alves remain beneficial.
The Elves would be as closely linked to the “Æsir” (or Ases), the main gods of northern mythology, as to the “Vanir” fertility gods, but each “group” would have its own translations of words which would mark the difference of their status.

European Folklore

From the beginning of Christianization of the Germano-Scandinavians, belief in the Elves is assimilated to paganism (those who are not considered Christian or Jewish). In fact, this belief is severely opposed. The Elf then becomes a kind of demonic creature. An important amalgam is set up between Dwarves and Elves.
The British “pixies”, little winged fairies, are assimilated to “älvor” in modern Swedish or “alfer” in Danish.
The original myth of the Elves was perpetuated in European folklore as predominantly female beings who established their dwellings in hills, mounds (mounds only consisting of earth, covering a burial) or tumuli (mounds of earth and stones ). However, belief in the common people is rare in France, unlike the Scandinavian countries.

Folklore of the Germanic regions

The “dark side” is what remains most of the Elves in German folklore. Their nature would have “evolved”. They would be mischievous, mischievous. They would be the cause of diseases of cattle and people, bad dreams.

The German word for nightmare, “Albtraum or Alptraum” literally means “dream of Elf” and its archaic form “Albdruck” means “Elf pressure”.

This aspect of the Germanic Elvish belief comes from the Scandinavian belief of the “mara“: this evil spirit that provokes nightmares.

It could also come from legends about incubus (demons that take male form to abuse women in their sleep) and succubus (demons that take feminine form to seduce men during their sleep and their dream).
We find a posterity for the Elves of Germanic folklore in the tetralogy of the “Ring of the Nibelung” by the German composer Richard Wagner.Il serait rapporté que les Elfes danseraient dans les prés, surtout les nuits et les matins où la brume est dense. Ils laisseraient alors derrière eux des sortes de cercles, à l’emplacement même de leur danse ; on les appelle « älvdanser » : « danses d’elfes » ou « älvringar » : « cercle d’elfes ».

This is how many legends in the Middle Ages would have been born: nymphs, dryads, elves and gnomes would be responsible. Urinating in one of these circles is believed to cause venereal disease. Typically, these circles are traced by a multitude of small mushrooms, but they can also be traced by drawing grass stripped against the ground.
There would be several Elf peoples, such as the High Elves (Elves of Light), Elves of the Woods (Elves of the Woods), Gray Eves (or Moon Elves), Elves of Water (or Undines) … The Dark Elves, or drows, are most often the obscure counterpart of the Elves.

Some literary works …

(Incomplete list)

  • The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, The Silmarillion, J. R. R. Tolkien;
  • The Forgotten Realms, R-A Salvatore;
  • The Annals of World Records, Terry Pratchett;
  • The Legacy, Christopher Paolini;
  • Tara Duncan, Sophie Audouin-Mamikonian;
  • The Chronicles of the Lodoss War, Ry? Mizuno (MANGA);
  • The Knights of Emerald, The Heirs of Enkidiev, Anne Robillard;
  • Aïnako, Ariane Charland;
  • Amos Daragon, Bryan Perro (comic);
  • Merry Gentry, L.K. Hamilton;
  • The legendary Patrick Sobral (comic)

Video Games

  • Warcraft;
  • The Elder Scrolls;
  • The Legend of Zelda (called Hyliens);
  • Final Fantasy;
  • Dragon Age;
  • Magic, the assembly;
  • Naheulbeuk Dungeon;
  • Dungeons and Dragons;
  • Warhammer;
  • Warhammer 40,000;
  • The world of Palladium;
  • Shadowrun;
  • Heroes of Might and Magic;
  • The Witcher.

Whether they provoke us nightmares or make us dream, the Elves will always be assimilated, for me, to allies or representations of Nature, those beings who remind men that Mother Nature also has a say and that it will not let anyone deteriorate without flinching or replying. The Elves are the spirits of this Nature that we love so much and that makes us well … provided we take care of her so that she continues to protect us and bring us her blessings.

Article written by S-P Decroix, author of The Princess of the deepest Times, from Lysons editions.

5 Steps to Improve the Memories of Your Dreams

Here is the 5 step method to improve the memories of your dreams

1. Don’t use an alarm clock that has an aggressive ring

If this is necessary for your alarm clock, use it second. Place the alarm on the first dial, softer for your alarm clock, 15 minutes before the “aggressive”. A sudden awakening surely ensures you forget your dreams.

2. Keep your eyes closed and let yourself be overwhelmed by the images and impressions of your night

Write them down or record them without judgment. You will later transcribe your dreams into your journal and decode it. For now, like a fisherman, the important thing is to go up the fish (dreams).

3. Pass back into your mind the people you know

Maybe some of them will reappear and they will have been present during your dreams, which is very likely. Science tells us that we only dream of faces known or encountered in the course of our lives … It is therefore very likely that you have dreamed of a face that is close to you! Check out!

4. Keep your eyes closed and take the different positions you take when you sleep

The fact of resuming physically these different positions gives the possibility to make reappear dream memories …

5. Moisturize yourself!

Before going to bed, place a glass of water next to your bed and drink a sip, telling yourself that you will remember your dreams when you wake up. The first action to do in the morning, keeping your eyes closed, if possible, is to take a sip and let the dreams come to the surface of your consciousness.
I like to sleep personally, with a headband to cut off the morning light and allow me to be still in the privacy of my dreams. This act gives me the chance to internalize myself and not get out too quickly of this state. I feel that the headband is part of my “dream uniform”, now you find yours and adopt the appropriate rituals, like those I have presented here, to remember easily your journeys in the dream dimension !

Article written by Patrick Tremblay, author of Onirikk, Volume 1: the last of the Saïwa, available from Lysons editions.

Did the vampires really exist?

Vampires are emblematic figures that form an integral part of our culture. These are mythological creatures entered into legend since the dawn of time… Discover their origins and where to find them through this exciting article! Did the vampires really exist?

It’s S-P DECROIX that tells you better about it…

Hello girls, boys and marmosets!

What? There are no boys among you? Ah! Ah! I know, I know, not even funny! Alexia told me I was funny. It’s really nice of you Alexia, but my sense of humor is to see again. So, from today, I will call you “marmosets“.

So, after my article on the dragons I asked myself: “But what am I going to tell them to marmosets next time? “Ah! If you knew all that crosses my mind, you would take your legs to your necks! In short, let’s go back to our monsters and various creatures.

“What’s she going to talk the lady?”

(OK the sentence is super null, but hey, you will have to do with!)

After jargoning about the “dragon”, I decided to talk to you about “creatures of the night”, but which one? No! Not John Travolta! So? You found ? Yes? No?

The Vampires!

Origins

Yes, with their pointed teeth and their pronounced taste for blood, vampires are the creatures of the night par excellence! The origins of this legendary creature are found in ancient myths and diverse throughout the world, but become popular mainly on the European continent.

“Vampire” comes from the German “Vampir”, which comes from the Hungarian “vámpir”, which in most Slavic languages is a word designating a bat.

The vampire is part of the great “ghost” family. According to the different folklore and the most common superstition, this undead man feeds on the blood of the living to derive his life force. Its victims die of having been emptied of their blood or they undergo certain conditions (blood exchange, placing underground with its “genitor” are some of the best-known examples), in vampires, but only after their death: “they die and live again!”

It is Arnold Paole, a Serb, who was the first to be called “vampire” in the eighteenth century.

You may think that it is the one that everyone calls “Dracula” who was the first vampire, but not… Vlad III Basarab, of his real name, knows indeed an important celebrity during his lifetime: the merchants Saxons of Transylvania and the king of Hungary, Matthias Corvin, make him a cruel ruler who impales his enemies, which earned him nicknames such as “The Impaler” or “Drăculea” (“son of the devil” or “son of the dragon”). Inspired by the nickname of Vlad III Basarab, the figure of the Count of Dracula was invented by Bram Stocker for his novel in 1897, which is why Vlad III Basarab is now assimilated to a vampire but he wasn’t one!

The contemporary myth of the vampire would be a sort of “superposition” of several other supernatural creatures from various European folklore, especially Slavic. Some authors have enumerated precursors: spirits, demons, or ghosts in turn, possessed or not (incomplete list): the “visitor”, the “hungry”, the “nightmare”, the “strangler”, the “chewer” (well yes, they chew us gently the neck with their small pointed canines… ok… really must I stop!) And finally the returning to animal form (Bat? Hum … no comment).

Characteristics of Vampires

This undead creature is universally known to feed on the blood of the living as soon as night falls, for, as I said before, to take their vital force and remain immortal! In fact, this is not entirely accurate, as it is for the Vampire to no longer be subject to old age. Other elements of folklore are well entrenched in our minds: the coffin in which he takes refuge during the day to rest and the cemetery: “let’s go home!” (Honestly each his “trip”, me personally, the cemeteries at night, it’s not my trip…).

In many legends, the vampire also feeds on human excrements and flesh, including his own: it is the automation that includes not only his flesh but also his clothes (if you had just eaten, excuse). This detail seems to be verified by old records of stories of shrouds found chewed. (I warned you: Vampires love to chew on).

Of course, what also characterizes the Vampire is his legendary pair of … what? From sharp canines! (Stop having ideas misplaced!) The clothing appearance, it would have been built in the cinematographic and theatrical folklore, in particular his famous cloak.

Some mystical powers are also given to him:

He hypnotizes his victims, seduces them, reads in thoughts, changes into mist, bat, sometimes in wolf or, according to legends, he controls them.

It is also this particular link with the wolf that makes that generally when one thinks of the Vampire, we often associate the Werewolf.

It seems that killing a “master vampire” or a “vampire-genitor” frees those he has transformed or sometimes his children die with him.

The Vampire if he becomes more powerful, fast, and resistant with age, would be “indisposed” by the smell of garlic, wild rose or hawthorn. Some objects would be able to repel it: the mythical crucifix, the rosary, the holy water and the mirror (since it cannot be reflected in it). He cannot walk on consecrated soils (Church, etc.). The legend also says that a Vampire cannot enter a house without being invited.

Bram Stoker’s work, Dracula, was first published in 1897 and is still popular today.

As the Vampire is an undead, he is already dead! So to kill him, it was necessary to rack one’s brains! (Ah, Ah!) Of course, decapitation is the most effective way to eliminate it, followed by a stake in the heart, a nail in the head (definitely) or a cremation in good form!

References to the Vampire

(Incomplete lists, you understand that they are too long…)


Literature:

  • Dracula by Bram Stocker.
  • The Vampyre by John Stagg
  • The Vampire by John William Polidori
  • The Vourdalak Family (published in Tolstoy’s Stories of the Living Dead)
  • History of the Pale Lady, novel by Alexandre Dumas (1849).
  • The Knight of Darkness by Paul Féval (1860)
  • Lokis of Prosper Mérimée.
  • The Horla (in its first version) by Guy de Maupassant
  • The Parasite of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
  • Vampire Chronicles, Interview with a vampire by Anne Rice

Movies:

  • Nosferatu the vampire by Friedrich Murnau, in 1922
  • Vampyr, or the strange adventure of David Gray in 1932
  • The Dracula Nightmare, by Terence Fisher in 1958.
  • Polanski’s Ball of the Vampires in 1967 (parody)
  • Tony Scott’s Predators in 1983
  • Vampire, did you say vampire ? Tom Holland in 1985 and Tommy
  • Lee Wallace in 1988 Dracula by Francis Ford Coppola in 1992
  • Interview with a vampire by Neil Jordan in 1994
  • Craig Gillespie’s Fright Night in 2011.

Cinematographic and television series:

  • The Blade Saga
  • The Underworld Saga
  • The Twilight Saga
  • Buffy the Vampire Slayer
  • Angel
  • Vampires Diaries
  • Supernatural (Ahhhhhh the best series in my senses, which has many other creatures!)
  • True Blood
  • Being Human
  • The Clan of the Damned
  • The Originals (I love it!)

Mangas / Comics:

  • Vampire Hunter D (manga)
  • Vampire Princess Miyu (manga)
  • Vampire Knight (manga)
  • Hellsing (manga)
  • Requiem, Chevalier Vampire (BD)
  • The Prince of the Night (BD)
  • 30 days of night (comics)

Video Games:

  • Castlevania (since 1986),
  • Legacy of Kain (since 1996)
  • Bram Stoker’s Dracula, in 1993.
  • The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion
  • The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind
  • Dracula: Resurrection, Dracula 2: The Last Sanctuary, Dracula 3: The Way of the Dragon
  • The Masquerade (roleplaying)
  • Dracula’s Fury (board game).

We may never really know if the vampires existed as they are described to us, but is there smoke without fire? One thing is certain: those who inspired these creatures did indeed exist, but they undoubtedly renounced their immortality in order to rest in peace! Their legend, in any case, it, continues to persist in time… for eternity!

Article written by S-P DECROIX.

Is a writer what he writes?

I am what I write.

Is the writer really what he writes? It is a phrase I like to affirm and to which many writers could identify… or not!

Indeed, when this sentence was read, at first sight, one could say that there is something to be afraid when one reads certain writers! For, not everyone writes romance novels or heroic and epic adventures! What is the part of truth and invention in a novel, a book? Where is the essence of the author who completed his work? Is a book just an exercise in style? What does he really reveal about his author and about us? Let’s look at these different points together, and it is a writer who speaks to you! This new approach to writing could well change your look at reading …
Are you sure you keep reading what follows?

All right…

A truth disguised or highlighted

What is true and what is false in what a writer can write? The writer is known to know perfectly how to speak Molière’s language, letters and rhetoric, so it is perfectly legitimate to ask himself whether he is authentic and whether everything he writes reflects the truth or Is a pure exercise in style and imagination?

Although the writer has a great deal of knowledge and verb, he is skilled at expressing in writing what he may not be able to say or reveal by word of mouth. Others, on the other hand, excel in both writing and speaking, but what matters is that he has things to say and a message to convey.

If some writers manage to communicate a clear and clear message, for others it is very difficult to understand at first reading what they meant! However, can he write about subjects that he does not know or feel intimately? Can he actually put words on what he has never experienced personally? Of course, you would tell me immediately! And I will say no. And I explain myself!

When a writer undertakes the writing of a fiction, it has a whole work of observation, investigation and understanding before approaching a subject that is particularly close to his heart. This is a crucial step for the credibility of a universe and the atmosphere it must generate. The illusion must be perfect! This is what makes a work appreciated by the reader: its striking realism, as if we were immersed in the heart of the story and we felt exactly the emotions of the characters; We are not only readers but actors of history; We identify with certain characters, we empathize with them, history makes us live emotions and opens us to understanding.

Everything we feel at the moment of our reading is closely related to the emotions that we could live in real situations! The same goes for the writer when he immortalizes his emotions on paper. As incredible as it may be: everything written by an authentic writer is deeply felt, at different scales certainly, but he cannot share a feeling or an event that would not first have reached his mind in some way ! In this he consciously or unconsciously associates a fictitious or semi-fictitious event with a memory or an emotion that he himself would have lived in his own life. As a film actor imbues himself with his own emotions to embody a character on the screen and give the impression of a perfect illusion, the writer must necessarily soak up his personal history to bring into the world a universe that will be authentic, not by its form, but by the depth with which the writer has chosen the right words to immerse us in the reality he has created in all sincerity. He can not give what he does not have intrinsically.

What is true in any writer’s work is the authenticity with which he shares his emotions. He does not need to have literally experienced what his story tells, but by writing it he transposes his feelings and feels them strongly about the present moment, along with the reader. Exactly as in a film, with an infinite richness of details and an unparalleled freedom of imagination! And that’s what makes the magic of writing! The reader fully appropriates history, transposing its own psychic projections onto those already transcribed. Thus, the reader puts familiar faces on characters that are agreeable to him and unpleasant faces on those who displease him, all this is done in an unconscious way, but actively participates in the pluridimensional character of the work!

A book is always born a second time in the mind of the reader. And it will be like this eternally, is not it magnificent?

A book does not just read, it lives! Although everything is not “real” (in our physical dimension) and the result of the fruit of the imagination, the materialization of its universe resulting from the psyche by words makes it real in the dimension of our imaginary and palpable even in our regions !

Beyond Words…

The authenticity, the very essence of the author, what is deep within himself, often hides between the lines! We might even assert the following phrases, as I myself maintain:

Tell me what you write, I’ll tell you who you are. Tell me what you like to read, I will tell you what you aspire to!

For me, writing transcends speech.

Why?

The writing style of the writer is very revealing of his personality; He does not need to speak, his writing does it in his place. Through it, an infinite amount of information is communicated to us voluntarily or not. Indeed, the way in which one word is used rather than another, to use one phrase rather than another, and to assemble the sentences to one another, reflects the author’s way of handling the verb; Perhaps with simplicity, subtlety, on a mystic wat, meticulousness, intellectuality or complexity. He can not express himself otherwise than what he can not be himself! It seems so obvious. Even if he decides to use terms that he would not normally use in everyday life or to create a pastiche or a parody, if he does it is because he has everything to Makes the abilities and it is a facet of himself that he prefers to turn into derision!

The writer is not fixed to a single register, just as man keeps evolving over time, he also evolves through his writings and the events he lives. The most important, and the most revealing, about himself is the message he has to convey to us.

Why did he write his work and what did he want to tell us through it?

It is no coincidence that we like to study or comment on texts in literature; to raise the veil or to try to understand what a writer does not express in his writings is the essence of the writer. The essence of the writer is both in what he tells us and what he does not tell us! What he tells us and what he keeps silent about is extremely important and meaningful! The ideas he shares have reached him and found refuge in him, feeling a need or a duty to transpose them black and white, to make us share. And if they have found in him a hand disposed to be at their service, it is because at bottom his heart has been sensitive, touched, aligned with the same vibration as this idea or felt the need to transpose them. This can not be the result of chance and it is in this that a reading is exciting and could be the subject of a thorough psychoanalytic study! We read what is said and both we reflect on what is implied and not explicitly stated. There lies the genius of a work. Every book has an important message and often offers us answers to the questions we posed consciously or unconsciously through the verb of an author who expresses for us what we needed to hear to unlock a personal situation Or orient us towards the right choice, the right attitude to adopt in a decision that we would have to take…

Each book speaks to us and reveals to us, just as every written line is the materialization of the vibratory wave emanated by the writer himself at the moment when he writes it. That’s the magic of writing! And it is doubtless this authenticity, this spontaneity that makes the pleasure of reading perpetuates through the centuries and propels authors to a resounding success, succeeding in vibrating with the same intensity that at the time of their writing of the millions of readers around the world!

What does a book tell us about its author and about ourselves?

Books are rich in meaning. This is what makes every work an immeasurable treasure. A book has several readings and as many possible interpretations as human beings on Earth! An authentic writer is necessarily open-hearted! What does a book about its author reveal? And about ourselves?

Only he holds the key to all the mysteries that reign over him, but he can not hand it over to others, for he is the guardian of his psychic and social stability. Its secret garden allows it to make it bloom more beautiful to the delight of those who will want to venture there by reading his books and what he will tell us…

Each book has a soul. A book is a heart that beats. A book is love materialized by writing.

A book is a part of oneself that one finds. It is an inestimable gift that writers offer us in the writing of their work when they are procured, for they not only give themselves up, but deliver us from our preoccupations to bring us back to ourselves and to one of the shortest paths to love: empathy.

The real question to ask is, how far do we want to go in the author’s intimacy and how far are we ready to plunge deep within ourselves?

Writing is an act of love, issued without expecting anything in return. Reading is the best act we can do to continue to spread love and bring us closer to our essence. There are secrets they will probably never reveal to us, but if we keep our eyes open, we could perfectly read between the lines and find out what the book has to say…

Each reading is a prelude to a revelation.

What if the reader was also what he read? There is also reason to reflect on the question! In the meantime, take care of your readings and keep your mind open to the messages a book wants to communicate to you! A book never falls into our hands by chance…

Article written by Leandro De Carvalho, author of Living In Harmony.

The fantastic: a subtle, engaging and revealing register!

Great follower of this register in particular, both in reading and writing, I am delighted to be able to tell you a little more about the fantastic.

The different literary genres

First, let’s make a global point. There are several literary genres:

  • poetic,
  • narrative,
  • theatrical,
  • epistolary,
  • argumentative,
  • descriptive,
  • graphics
  • And experimental.

Each has subgenera and registers. If you want to know more about the subject, I invite you to consult this page which will detail you perfectly the various genres, subgenres and registers in literature: To know more.

Thus, the fantastic is a register, classified in the narrative genre. Until then, you follow me? Perfect. It is not easy to find oneself, I grant you …


The fantastic: between magic and reality!

Let us now get to the heart of the matter: the fantastic. In this literary register, the supernatural is introduced and evolves in a realistic framework. The hero has a reaction of rejection or fear in the face of the supernatural events to which he is confronted. Not to be confused with fantasy or the wonderful. In fantasy, as in the marvelous, the supernatural is accepted and often used to define the rules of an imaginary world; The evoked imaginary is perceived as a norm and far removed from our reality … (The Lord of the Rings, A Song of Ice and Fire, Harry Potter …).


The origins of the fantastic register

Definition given, let us pass to the origins of the fantastic. The true source of this genre is the English Gothic novel, which appeared at the end of 1785. At that time, authors created a more pronounced atmosphere of horror in their works, propelling readers into a common query: what is real And what is not? In France, the authors are inspired by these novels and propose works called “frenetic” (or called “black romance”), including in these last the taste for the macabre or the horror. Frenetic romanticism thus rejected the spirit of the Enlightenment, as did the classical rigor of the time.

Finally, strong in these influences, the fantastic register was born in Germany at the beginning of the 19th century thanks to the writer Adelbert von Chamisso. But it is Hoffmann (Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann) who will have a universal influence on this register. Moreover, it is through his tales, translated into French in the 1830s, that the Fantastic will experience a real rise in France. Great authors have tried it: Honoré de Balzac, Théophile Gautier and Guy de Maupassant. It should be noted that the fantasy registry has often been used to circumvent censorship, and to disseminate, for example, political criticism or certain claims without fear of possible retaliation.


A subtle, engaging and revealing register!

The characteristic of the fantastic would be to reveal things that are usually hidden and that we do not want to see.

According to Lovecraft, the fantasy must provoke a fear in order to generate a catharsis (releasing its repressed emotions) in the reader. Thus, the supernatural manifestations in the fantastic are mostly harmful, but it is, it seems, for our good! I do not get tired of it!


Where to find the fantastic book in the books?

In a non-exhaustive way, I quote here some of the literary works, in the fantastic register, the best known or which have had an impact in the appearance of this register:

  • Otranto Castle, Horace Walpole, 1764 (inaugurates the genre of the Gothic novel);
  • Vathek, William Beckford (one of the leading novels of frenetic tendency, written in French by an English author in 1786);
  • The Elixirs of the Devil, Hoffmann, 1815;
  • The elixir of long life, Honoré de Balzac, 1830;
  • The Leader of Wolves, Alexandre Dumas, 1857;
  • The Horla, Guy de Maupassant, 1887;
  • He who haunted the darkness, H. P Lovecraft, 1935;
  • Shining, the Light Child, Stephen King, 1977;
  • Journal of a Vampire, L.J.Smith, 1991;
  • Twilight, Stephenie Meyer, 2005.

To conclude, I will reveal to you what I like to think:

The fantastic is to be free, while keeping a little bit the feet on Earth …

Article written by Maud Wlek, author of Nayra.