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Vampires are emblematic figures that form an integral part of our culture. These are mythological creatures entered into legend since the dawn of time… Discover their origins and where to find them through this exciting article! Did the vampires really exist?
It’s S-P DECROIX that tells you better about it…
Hello girls, boys and marmosets!
What? There are no boys among you? Ah! Ah! I know, I know, not even funny! Alexia told me I was funny. It’s really nice of you Alexia, but my sense of humor is to see again. So, from today, I will call you “marmosets“.
So, after my article on the dragons I asked myself: “But what am I going to tell them to marmosets next time? “Ah! If you knew all that crosses my mind, you would take your legs to your necks! In short, let’s go back to our monsters and various creatures.
“What’s she going to talk the lady?”
(OK the sentence is super null, but hey, you will have to do with!)
After jargoning about the “dragon”, I decided to talk to you about “creatures of the night”, but which one? No! Not John Travolta! So? You found ? Yes? No?
Yes, with their pointed teeth and their pronounced taste for blood, vampires are the creatures of the night par excellence! The origins of this legendary creature are found in ancient myths and diverse throughout the world, but become popular mainly on the European continent.
“Vampire” comes from the German “Vampir”, which comes from the Hungarian “vámpir”, which in most Slavic languages is a word designating a bat.
The vampire is part of the great “ghost” family. According to the different folklore and the most common superstition, this undead man feeds on the blood of the living to derive his life force. Its victims die of having been emptied of their blood or they undergo certain conditions (blood exchange, placing underground with its “genitor” are some of the best-known examples), in vampires, but only after their death: “they die and live again!”
It is Arnold Paole, a Serb, who was the first to be called “vampire” in the eighteenth century.
You may think that it is the one that everyone calls “Dracula” who was the first vampire, but not… Vlad III Basarab, of his real name, knows indeed an important celebrity during his lifetime: the merchants Saxons of Transylvania and the king of Hungary, Matthias Corvin, make him a cruel ruler who impales his enemies, which earned him nicknames such as “The Impaler” or “Drăculea” (“son of the devil” or “son of the dragon”). Inspired by the nickname of Vlad III Basarab, the figure of the Count of Dracula was invented by Bram Stocker for his novel in 1897, which is why Vlad III Basarab is now assimilated to a vampire but he wasn’t one!
The contemporary myth of the vampire would be a sort of “superposition” of several other supernatural creatures from various European folklore, especially Slavic. Some authors have enumerated precursors: spirits, demons, or ghosts in turn, possessed or not (incomplete list): the “visitor”, the “hungry”, the “nightmare”, the “strangler”, the “chewer” (well yes, they chew us gently the neck with their small pointed canines… ok… really must I stop!) And finally the returning to animal form (Bat? Hum … no comment).
Characteristics of Vampires
This undead creature is universally known to feed on the blood of the living as soon as night falls, for, as I said before, to take their vital force and remain immortal! In fact, this is not entirely accurate, as it is for the Vampire to no longer be subject to old age. Other elements of folklore are well entrenched in our minds: the coffin in which he takes refuge during the day to rest and the cemetery: “let’s go home!” (Honestly each his “trip”, me personally, the cemeteries at night, it’s not my trip…).
In many legends, the vampire also feeds on human excrements and flesh, including his own: it is the automation that includes not only his flesh but also his clothes (if you had just eaten, excuse). This detail seems to be verified by old records of stories of shrouds found chewed. (I warned you: Vampires love to chew on).
Of course, what also characterizes the Vampire is his legendary pair of … what? From sharp canines! (Stop having ideas misplaced!) The clothing appearance, it would have been built in the cinematographic and theatrical folklore, in particular his famous cloak.
Some mystical powers are also given to him:
He hypnotizes his victims, seduces them, reads in thoughts, changes into mist, bat, sometimes in wolf or, according to legends, he controls them.
It is also this particular link with the wolf that makes that generally when one thinks of the Vampire, we often associate the Werewolf.
It seems that killing a “master vampire” or a “vampire-genitor” frees those he has transformed or sometimes his children die with him.
The Vampire if he becomes more powerful, fast, and resistant with age, would be “indisposed” by the smell of garlic, wild rose or hawthorn. Some objects would be able to repel it: the mythical crucifix, the rosary, the holy water and the mirror (since it cannot be reflected in it). He cannot walk on consecrated soils (Church, etc.). The legend also says that a Vampire cannot enter a house without being invited.
Bram Stoker’s work, Dracula, was first published in 1897 and is still popular today.
As the Vampire is an undead, he is already dead! So to kill him, it was necessary to rack one’s brains! (Ah, Ah!) Of course, decapitation is the most effective way to eliminate it, followed by a stake in the heart, a nail in the head (definitely) or a cremation in good form!
References to the Vampire
(Incomplete lists, you understand that they are too long…)
- Dracula by Bram Stocker.
- The Vampyre by John Stagg
- The Vampire by John William Polidori
- The Vourdalak Family (published in Tolstoy’s Stories of the Living Dead)
- History of the Pale Lady, novel by Alexandre Dumas (1849).
- The Knight of Darkness by Paul Féval (1860)
- Lokis of Prosper Mérimée.
- The Horla (in its first version) by Guy de Maupassant
- The Parasite of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
- Vampire Chronicles, Interview with a vampire by Anne Rice
- Nosferatu the vampire by Friedrich Murnau, in 1922
- Vampyr, or the strange adventure of David Gray in 1932
- The Dracula Nightmare, by Terence Fisher in 1958.
- Polanski’s Ball of the Vampires in 1967 (parody)
- Tony Scott’s Predators in 1983
- Vampire, did you say vampire ? Tom Holland in 1985 and Tommy
- Lee Wallace in 1988 Dracula by Francis Ford Coppola in 1992
- Interview with a vampire by Neil Jordan in 1994
- Craig Gillespie’s Fright Night in 2011.
Cinematographic and television series:
- The Blade Saga
- The Underworld Saga
- The Twilight Saga
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer
- Vampires Diaries
- Supernatural (Ahhhhhh the best series in my senses, which has many other creatures!)
- True Blood
- Being Human
- The Clan of the Damned
- The Originals (I love it!)
Mangas / Comics:
- Vampire Hunter D (manga)
- Vampire Princess Miyu (manga)
- Vampire Knight (manga)
- Hellsing (manga)
- Requiem, Chevalier Vampire (BD)
- The Prince of the Night (BD)
- 30 days of night (comics)
- Castlevania (since 1986),
- Legacy of Kain (since 1996)
- Bram Stoker’s Dracula, in 1993.
- The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion
- The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind
- Dracula: Resurrection, Dracula 2: The Last Sanctuary, Dracula 3: The Way of the Dragon
- The Masquerade (roleplaying)
- Dracula’s Fury (board game).
We may never really know if the vampires existed as they are described to us, but is there smoke without fire? One thing is certain: those who inspired these creatures did indeed exist, but they undoubtedly renounced their immortality in order to rest in peace! Their legend, in any case, it, continues to persist in time… for eternity!
Article written by S-P DECROIX.
Great follower of this register in particular, both in reading and writing, I am delighted to be able to tell you a little more about the fantastic.
The different literary genres
First, let’s make a global point. There are several literary genres:
- And experimental.
Each has subgenera and registers. If you want to know more about the subject, I invite you to consult this page which will detail you perfectly the various genres, subgenres and registers in literature: To know more.
Thus, the fantastic is a register, classified in the narrative genre. Until then, you follow me? Perfect. It is not easy to find oneself, I grant you …
The fantastic: between magic and reality!
Let us now get to the heart of the matter: the fantastic. In this literary register, the supernatural is introduced and evolves in a realistic framework. The hero has a reaction of rejection or fear in the face of the supernatural events to which he is confronted. Not to be confused with fantasy or the wonderful. In fantasy, as in the marvelous, the supernatural is accepted and often used to define the rules of an imaginary world; The evoked imaginary is perceived as a norm and far removed from our reality … (The Lord of the Rings, A Song of Ice and Fire, Harry Potter …).
The origins of the fantastic register
Definition given, let us pass to the origins of the fantastic. The true source of this genre is the English Gothic novel, which appeared at the end of 1785. At that time, authors created a more pronounced atmosphere of horror in their works, propelling readers into a common query: what is real And what is not? In France, the authors are inspired by these novels and propose works called “frenetic” (or called “black romance”), including in these last the taste for the macabre or the horror. Frenetic romanticism thus rejected the spirit of the Enlightenment, as did the classical rigor of the time.
Finally, strong in these influences, the fantastic register was born in Germany at the beginning of the 19th century thanks to the writer Adelbert von Chamisso. But it is Hoffmann (Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann) who will have a universal influence on this register. Moreover, it is through his tales, translated into French in the 1830s, that the Fantastic will experience a real rise in France. Great authors have tried it: Honoré de Balzac, Théophile Gautier and Guy de Maupassant. It should be noted that the fantasy registry has often been used to circumvent censorship, and to disseminate, for example, political criticism or certain claims without fear of possible retaliation.
A subtle, engaging and revealing register!
The characteristic of the fantastic would be to reveal things that are usually hidden and that we do not want to see.
According to Lovecraft, the fantasy must provoke a fear in order to generate a catharsis (releasing its repressed emotions) in the reader. Thus, the supernatural manifestations in the fantastic are mostly harmful, but it is, it seems, for our good! I do not get tired of it!
Where to find the fantastic book in the books?
In a non-exhaustive way, I quote here some of the literary works, in the fantastic register, the best known or which have had an impact in the appearance of this register:
- Otranto Castle, Horace Walpole, 1764 (inaugurates the genre of the Gothic novel);
- Vathek, William Beckford (one of the leading novels of frenetic tendency, written in French by an English author in 1786);
- The Elixirs of the Devil, Hoffmann, 1815;
- The elixir of long life, Honoré de Balzac, 1830;
- The Leader of Wolves, Alexandre Dumas, 1857;
- The Horla, Guy de Maupassant, 1887;
- He who haunted the darkness, H. P Lovecraft, 1935;
- Shining, the Light Child, Stephen King, 1977;
- Journal of a Vampire, L.J.Smith, 1991;
- Twilight, Stephenie Meyer, 2005.
To conclude, I will reveal to you what I like to think:
The fantastic is to be free, while keeping a little bit the feet on Earth …
Article written by Maud Wlek, author of Nayra.
The Senois: Who are they?
The Senois are a tribe of Malaysia giving crucial importance to the dream world. They practice what can be called the “lucid dream.” In the morning, at lunch, the grownups encourage the little ones to tell their dreams. The adults listen attentively to the children and make suggestions to them in order to optimize this dream creativity:
“What did you dream of last night?” Did you dream that a tiger was chasing you? That’s good … Next time try to turn you around and face him! “
As a result, as adolescents, young Senoi do not have nightmares. The Senois teach us how to improve our lives by dreaming consciously!
Why do they no longer have nightmares?
Because they learn to face their fears and anxieties. They integrate the notion that they are the only masters on board their dreams, so to always face danger. No need for a degree in psychology to understand that this night behavior influences that of day. Neurosis and psychosis are absent in this people, which reminds us, according to the psychiatrist and psychotherapist Perls, of the function of the dream:
“Integrating our personality”.
A method with positive effects!
According to the senoi system, any dream person who does not collaborate in our favor must be considered an enemy. It is even allowed to kill these characters of dreams which are unfavorable to us. The image thus eliminated releases a positive energy which comes from a part of oneself invested in this “antagonist.” In return, the senoi method proposes to ask a gift to our aggressor … whether it be the solution to a problem, a creative idea, a positive outcome to a specific problem, an invention, the right decision to make life.
An erotic dream? What if you chase it to orgasm without feeling guilty?
For the Senois, it’s important to seek pleasure and to take advantage of it. If sexual contact occurs in a dream, continue to orgasm. Even when it is a question of a “forbidden” or “improbable” love, let us go to the end without guilt, since it is a matter of integrating a part of ourselves.
If we dream that we fall on an open air flight, let’s imagine the next time we fly to stop falling. When we succeed in flying, try to reach an inspiring, magical place …
Senois also appeal to their dream allies when there is a threat and that they consider the need for help necessary. Who are these allies? They can come from everyday life (friends, a relative, a dog, a cat,) or directly from the world of dreams.
In short, the senoï method is what?
The senoi system is that of a vesperial cooperative which seeks to integrate our personality by leading it to be stronger in the dream dimension, thus nourishing our creativity and freeing us from any anxiety, frustrations and troubles that could weigh on our daily lives.
Master your dreams to live better in real life!
This system would reduce any violence and mental illness, any stress and ambition of warrior conquest.
Here are the rules you must follow to apply the senoi system:
- Confront and overcome danger,
- Call reinforcement and allies if necessary,
- Optimize your nights by reflecting on how you transform your next dreams,
- Honoring gifts received during your dreams (painting, singing, writing, dancing, etc.),
- Share your dreams with people around you who are interested in them,
- Observe your progress and not be discouraged from your mistakes,
- Cultivate the act of pleasure and that of flying like a bird!
Well, now … You know what you have to do to develop your creativity and annihilate all your anxieties, stresses and nightmares!
Let your friends discover the senoi system to help them to get rid of their anxieties! Share this article!
Article written by Patrick Tremblay, author of Onirikk.